both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were

Her husband, famed writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, called her the first with his friend and fellow writer Ernest Hemingway, and she had nervous breakdowns. A noted scholar offers fresh ways of looking at two legendary American authors. Both F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway came into their own in the. A new collection of Ernest Hemingway's letters show him harshly critiquing his friend F. Scott Fitzgerald and feuding with Gertrude Stein.

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Both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were


F. Scott Fitzgerald, the literary wizard behind The Great Gatsby and Tender Is the Night, was married to a woman named Zelda (a talented painter and writer in her own right).

The couple’s relationship in the best of times could have been defined as intoxicating. They were the power couple of the roaring first mortgage payment santander with larger-than-life personalities, brilliant creative talents and a shared fondness for throwing lavish parties that shook whatever city they were calling home.

But, in the worst of times, their relationship was horrendously toxic, riddled with mutual infidelity, knock-down drag-out fights, extreme jealousy, alcoholism and low blows.


During one of these bouts of the latter, Zelda said something to Scott that derailed him –– so much so that he consulted his friend and contemporary at the time, Ernest Hemingway.

In A Moveable Feast, Hemingway writes of the encounter.

At the time, the two were sitting in a Parisian cafe enjoying a cherry tart and a glass of wine when Fitzgerald confided in him…

“Zelda said that the way I was built I could never make any woman happy and that was what upset her originally. She said it was a matter of measurements. I have never felt the same since she said that and I have to know truly.”

In not so many words, Hemingway told Fitzgerald to meet him in “Le Water” or French slang for “bathroom” so he could have a look to see if what he was fretting about was actually worth fretting about.

Upon closer inspection.

In the bathroom Hemingway had Fitzgerald drop his trousers and upon closer inspection gave him his diagnosis…

“You’re perfectly fine.”

Hemingway recommended that Fitzgerald visit the Louvre and look at the statues and to then go home and look at himself in the mirror “in profile”.

Less technically, Hemingway was telling Fitzgerald that his dick probably appeared smaller when looking down from above.

Then, in very Hemingway-esk language, he shares some wisdom with Fitzgerald regarding what’s really important in regards to one’s penis…

“It is the size that it becomes.”

Literary thinkers have dubbed the historical encounter as “homosexual” which to me is laughable.

The folks who’ve positioned the situation as such have clearly never played sports in high school nor have witnessed the absurdities that take place within a male locker-room.

Having played both high school and college basketball, I can confidently say Hemingway and Fitzgerald’s locker room encounter wasn’t just normal but tame.

(Which, I hope this goes without saying, all sexuality is normal as long as it doesn’t involve animals or adolescents).

But, Sexuality and locker room horseplay aside, I find this moment in Le Water fascinating because it shows us that arguably the two greatest American writers to ever live struggled with insecurity.

(Which, by the way, they’re not the only ones, writers like Neil Gaiman have opened up about their battles with Imposter Syndrome).

Historians have said that even the wildly masculine Hemingway was, at times, described as being effeminate and androgynous (partly male and partly female in appearance).

However, this should be taken with a grain of salt because much of these claims came from Zelda Fitzgerald… and it’s quite clear that she and Hemingway absolutely despised one another.

Again, I find this loathing humorous because it makes these literary gods feel more human –– anyone reading this right now has felt conflicting feelings towards a good friend’s significant other who they feel they shouldn’t be with.

Hemingway believed that Zelda greatly hindered Fitzgerald as a writer and I would agree.

However, my only rebuttal would be that this hindering was very much mutual –– the pair seemed to destroy one another as creatives and people.

Friends & Foes.

For the remainder of Fitzgerald and Hemingway’s lives, they would find that they too had a complicated relationship –– turning from friends to rivals and eventually friends again.

Their rivalry reached a climax when Fitzgerald asked Hemingway to share his thoughts on his novel, Tender Is the Night.

(Apparently, he didn’t hold back with his criticism).

However, the respect for one another’s work seemed to always be there (or at the very least return). Towards the end of Fitzgerald’s life, Hemingway wrote to him… “you can write twice as well now as you ever could”. both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were, the greatest compliment you can give another writer.

And, Fitzgerald regularly referred to Hemingway as the “greatest living writer of our time”.

So, I will leave it at this.

Whether it’s silencing insecurities, navigating challenging intimate relationships or mastering one’s craft… it’s good to have a friend and contemporary.

By Cole Schafer.


F. Scott Fitzgerald Introduction

F. Scott Fitzgerald Resources


F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby
Come on. Do we really need to explain why you need to read this? It's one of the masterpieces of American literature. It's the best thing Fitzgerald ever wrote. It's the spirit of an entire decade compressed into a few hundred elegant pages. Your teacher already assigned it to you. Both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were you haven't read it yet, close your browser and go do it now.

F. Scott Fitzgerald, This Side of Paradise
Fitzgerald's first and most blatantly autobiographical novel is essential to understanding the writer and his work. His descriptions of college hijinks may seem a little dated (and in some cases, politically incorrect) but his portrayal of youth's optimism, heartbreak and aspiration is timeless. Keep in mind as you read that Fitzgerald was only a few years older than you when he wrote it.

F. Scott Fitzgerald, All the Sad Young Men
It's hard to recommend just one of Fitzgerald's short story collections, but this 1926 book is a good place to start. It was the most popular at the time of its release and contains "Winter Dreams," the story that Fitzgerald later said contained the first seeds of the story that later became The Great Gatsby. (In 1939 he was fired from the film version of the story for being drunk on set.)

Zelda Fitzgerald, Save Me the Waltz
This both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were Zelda Fitzgerald's only novel. The semi-autobiographical work caused friction between the couple—Scott accused his wife of stealing material from their marriage that he planned to use in his own semi-autobiographical novel. Fitzgerald frequently us bank add person to checking account from his wife's work, often shamelessly. This is Zelda's chance to take credit for her own story.

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Crack-Up
This collection, edited by literary critic and Princeton classmate Edmund Wilson, contains letters, unpublished pieces, notebooks and the famous essay, all charting the rise and fall of Fitzgerald's fortunes and mental state. A fascinating glimpse into the writer's unpublished life.

Matthew J. Bruccoli, Some Sort of Epic Grandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald
This is considered the definitive biography of Fitzgerald. The late Bruccoli produced some of the best biographical work on the writer to date. He also directed the great Web archive at the University of South Carolina. The revised second edition includes an afterword by Fitzgerald's daughter Scottie Fitzgerald Smith.

Scott Donaldson, Hemingway vs. Fitzgerald: The Rise and Fall of a Literary Friendship
Many writers have tried to examine the complicated relationship between these two literary titans, without much success. This book is one of the more interesting attempts, since it explains the clash of these two forces using mostly the writers' own words. Delve into their world of jealousy, competition, Hemingway's bullying and Fitzgerald's neurotic concerns about the size of his, um, manhood, and you start to understand why these two eventually drank themselves to death.


The Big Broadcasts, Volumes 1-3
If you want to sit down and acquaint yourself with the standards of 1920s jazz, this compilation would be a good place to start. Fitzgerald would certainly have heard of many of these performers, and you can imagine Jay Gatsby's partygoers dancing to these songs.

The Era of F. Scott Fitzgerald
A rare two-record vinyl LP. It is the only album we know of organized specifically around Fitzgerald's life. If you can find an actual copy consider yourself a talented scout.

The Hot Years 1925-1930
This album covers the hits of bandleader Jan Garber. For a sense of what was considered racy in the Twenties, check out saucy numbers like "I Wish I Could Shimmy Like My Sister Kate" and "There Ain't No 'Maybe' in My Baby's Eyes." Scandalous.

Bert Lown's Biltmore Hotel Orchestra
This dance band was popular from 1930-32, during the early years of the Great Depression. They were among the musicians who played lively, infectious tunes that lifted people's spirits during the Depression and perhaps comforted those who missed the good times of the Twenties.

The Fabulous Josephine Baker
Josephine Baker was an African-American singer, dancer and entertainer who left the United States for Paris to escape the racism she encountered in her own country. She became a French citizen in 1937. She was extremely popular in France, and Fitzgerald would definitely have been acquainted with her work.

Louis Armstrong: The Hot Fives, Volume 1
This album showcases one of the legends of American jazz in his earliest years, during the 1920s. This is an important album by an important musician. As no less a legend than Miles Davis said, nobody has played anything that Louis Armstrong didn't play first.


Scott and Zelda
F. Scott Fitzgerald and wife Zelda.

Zelda Fitzgerald
A drawing of Zelda's silhouette, circa 1922.

A selection of images from the voluminous scrapbooks the Fitzgeralds kept throughout their lives, from the out-of-print compilation The Romantic Egoists.

F. Scott Fitzgerald's Briefcase
The writer's battered leather briefcase.

F. Scott Fitzgerald's Flask
Fitzgerald's overworked hip flask bore an inscription from Zelda: "Forget me not, Zelda, 9-13-18, Montgomery, Ala."

Fitzgerald's signed copy of James Joyce's Ulysses.

The Great Gatsby's Famous Dust Jacket
An image and essayon Francis Cugat's famous painting for the first edition (1925).

This Side of Paradise (1920)
Original dust jacket, illustration by W.E. Hill.

Flappers and Philosophers (1920)
Original dust jacket, illustration by W.E. Hill.

The Beautiful and Damned (1922)
Original dust jacket, illustration by W.E. Hill.

Tender is the Night (1934)
Original dust jacket.

The Last Tycoon (1941)
Original dust jacket.

Movies & TV

The Great Gatsby (1926, 1949, 1974, 2000, 2010)
Fitzgerald's literary masterpiece has struggled to a satisfactory translation to the screen. No footage or prints exist of the silent movie made in 1926. A 1949 remake directed by Elliott Nugent has been hailed by critics as the best Gatsby film so far but is not available on DVD, making it difficult for today's audiences to access. A made-for-TV version in 2000 was, well, meh. The 1974 remake directed by Jack Clayton is probably the best-known version, but not the best loved. The filmmakers' attempt to remain as faithful to the script backfired—images that are poignant on the page come off as cheesy on screen, like Robert Redford's Gatsby reaching toward the green light on Daisy's dock. Nobody has anything nice to say about Mia Farrow's performance as Daisy. Here is the trailer, with Robert Redford looking dreamy in the title role.Despite past failures, Hollywood is not yet done with Jay Gatsby. Baz Luhrmann, the Australian director behind Romeo + Juliet and Moulin Rouge, is rumored to be working on yet another remake due in 2010.

The Beautiful and Damned (1922, 2010)
Fitzgerald's second novel was made into a silent film the same year it was published. Unfortunately, it seems that the original film no longer exists. An Australian remake from 2008 merits neither link nor mention, but never fear, Fitzgerald fans! Keira Knightley has just signed on to star in yet another version of the story, due for release in 2010.

Three Comrades (1938)
This film about three young German soldiers in the aftermath of World War I was Fitzgerald's only screenwriting credit. It is worth watching, f major pentatonic scale piano as the sole surviving example of Fitzgerald's screenwriting style and for Margaret Sullavan's exquisite performance as the woman all three friends fall in love with.

Gone With the Wind (1939)
Fitzgerald worked briefly on this film during his late-1930s Hollywood phase, though he has no screen credit. In "The Crack-Up," Fitzgerald rued the public's preference for cinema, "a glittering, grosser power," over literature. When you contrast the subtlety of Fitzgerald's fiction with this movie, which is anything but subtle, you start to understand what he's talking about. We still is us bank app down it though.

The Last Time I Saw Paris (1954)
This film is inspired by "Babylon Revisited," one of Fitzgerald's best short stories. It is notable for Elizabeth Taylor's performance and the filmmakers' decision to completely scrap the story's original ending in favor of a happy, Hollywood-friendly one.

Tender is the Night (1962, 1985)
Fitzgerald's delicate depiction of a struggling marriage has never been successfully made into a movie. A 1962 version starring Jason Robards and Jennifer Jones as the ill-fated couple received mixed reviews, though the original song "Tender is the Night" was nominated for an Oscar. If you have a few more hours to spare or are a Fitzgerald obsessive, you might try the well-received 1985 TV miniseries adaptation.

F. Scott Fitzgerald what is a trust company the Last of the Belles (1974)
This is a made-for-TV, semi-fictional account of F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald's average american savings 2020, featuring Blythe Danner in a strong turn as the suffering, manic Zelda. For a TV movie it was fairly well received, but we think you'd probably rather read a biography of the famous couple instead.

Bernice Bobs Her Hair (1976)
Some critics believe that this TV movie starring Shelley Duvall is actually the most successful screen adaptation of any of Fitzgerald's works. The story of a shy young woman wanting to fit in resonates today and translates well to the screen.

The Last Tycoon (1976)
This film boasts some seriously heavy hitters in the credits—Elia Kazan directed, Harold Pinter adapted the book for screen, and Robert de Niro played the lead. Ironically, Fitzgerald's novel about the film industry doesn't strike the right nerve on screen. Nominated for Oscar in Best Art Direction.

F. Scott Fitzgerald: Winter Dreams (2005)
This documentary, part of the PBS American Masters series, is an excellent look at Fitzgerald's life. Archival footage spliced in with current interviews shed light on the rise and fall of the writer's career. The title comes from a short story from Fitzgerald's popular first collection; he was fired from the film version in 1939 for drunkenness.

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008)
Fitzgerald was not a great screenwriter, and film adaptations of his work tend to be not so great. This 2008 Best Picture nominee could actually break the streak of mediocre Fitzgerald-inspired films. . although the screenplay actually bears startlingly little resemblance to the original story. Go see it—just don't be offended if most of your fellow filmgoers are just there to ogle at Brad Pitt.


F. Scott Fitzgerald Centenary Papers
The motherlode of Fitzgerald info on the Web. Fitzgerald scholar Matthew J. Bruccoli of the University of South Both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were directed this project in honor of the 100th anniversary of Fitzgerald's birth. The site has images, primary sources, and quality criticism. Hard to do online research on Fitzgerald without it.

The Lost Generation: The Fitzgeralds, Hemingway, and Gertrude Stein
This site from Pittsburg (Kansas) State University is a useful collection of e-texts, papers and primary sources. Not all of the critical and student papers are worth reading, but the links to hard-to-find Fitzgerald texts are very useful.

F. Scott Fitzgerald Society
Sort of the official web site for the F. Scott Fsbmsla Fan Both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were. Mostly geared toward academics, it links to news, scholarship and online resources about the how to embed a gif in an email. The society also organizes an annual conference about Fitzgerald. Not the place to start your research, but worth a quick visit.
This site, which focuses on Zelda Fitzgerald's art and career, was prepared as part of the website for a 2004 British musical based on her life. It contains interesting images of Zelda's artwork, as well as an exhaustive database of books by and about the Fitzgeralds.

St. Paul Public Library
The library of the town where Fitzgerald grew up, went to school and published his first works has compiled an extensive annotated bibliography of the best works by and about Fitzgerald. Even if you live nowhere near St. Paul, it's a useful research tool. It also has a few good-quality online photos of the writer.

PBS: The American Novel
Part of a PBS series on the American Novel, this site focuses on City bank lubbock texas phone number contribution to the genre. It contains photos, timeline and links that help you place Fitzgerald's work in the context of American literature's development. As with all things PBS, you feel a little smarter just looking at it.

Video & Audio

Fitzgerald Writing
Brief, silent film clip from 1920s shows Fitzgerald writing the following sentence on a page: "Everybody has been predicting a bad end for the fidelity national loans I don't think there is anything to worry about."

Fitzgerald Reading
Audio clips of Fitzgerald reading from Keats' "Ode to a Nightengale," Masefield's "On Growing Old," and Shakespeare's Othello.

Lost Generation
Vintage newsreel of Fitzgerald and other American expatriates in Paris. Year unknown.

Primary Sources

This Side of Paradise
Full e-text on

The Beautiful and Damned
Full e-text on Project Gutenberg.

The Great Gatsby
Full e-text from University of Adelaide, Australia.

Tender is the Night
Full e-text from University of Adelaide, Australia.

Fitzgerald's fiction from prep school and Princeton.

A collection of news reports published upon Fitzgerald's death.

"The Crack-Up"
Fitzgerald's soul-baring essay describing his own mental breakdown, published in Esquire Magazine, 1936

"The Diamond as Big as the Ritz"
E-text hosted by the University of South Carolina.

"Bernice Bobs Her Hair"
E-text hosted by the University of South Carolina.

Short Stories
Online Collection of Fitzgerald's Short Fiction, Project Gutenberg Australia.

In Defense of Flappers
"A Flapper's Appeal to Parents" by Ellen Wells Page,Outlook, 6 December 1922.



Term Paper; Hemingway (Sun Also Rises) and Fitzgerald (Great Gatsby) author comparison and how well they represented the Roaring 20’s.

F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby and Ernest Hemingway‘s The Sun Also Rises both define the culture of the 1920s through the behaviors and thoughts of their characters. The characters in both novels have a sense of sadness and emptiness, which they resolve through sex and alcohol. This can be attributed to the disillusionment surrounding the Great War, better known as World War I. Jay Gatsby in The Great Gatsby represents the Jazz Age and high life of the 1920s, in contrast to Brett Ashley as the New Woman of the 1920s and Jake Barnes’s embodiment of the Lost Generation in Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises.

The Great Gatsby illustrated people reaching for the “American Dream. ” The Sun Also Rises instills a “permanent emotion,” what many members of the “Lost Generation” searched for, into the reader by presenting a sense of nostalgia for the better past. Fitzgerald’s 1920s was full of life, flappers, money, alcohol and jazz. It was a time of happy spirits, never ending wealth and the American Dream. Many believed that through hard work and perseverance one could be as rich as they wanted. One could own a mansion and a car and the latest fashions and live the high life.

The flapper, a major symbol of the 1920s, wore their hair short and bobbed, make-up that was applied in public, and baggy short dresses that exposed skin. She thought fast, talked fast and was perhaps even a bit brazen. “They’re all desperadoes, these kids, all of them with any life in their veins; the girls as well as the boys; maybe more than the boys. “(Fabian) Money encompassed the spirit of the times. It represented the pop life, modern days, happiness and the American Dream and everybody wanted it. It seemed that there was not a soul who was not fashionably chic and dressed like they were rich.

Everybody drank alcohol even though it was illegal; a party in a Harlem nightclub wouldn’t be as much fun without alcohol. Who couldn’t resist the sweet upbeat tunes of jazz music flowing through brass instruments? “… Jazz is a joyous revolt from convention, custom, authority, boredom, even sorrow. “(Rogers) Originally, jazz sprang from the African-American culture, but the young people of the 1920s adopted the music and even began playing it themselves. Dances such as the Charleston, Black Bottom, the Shimmy, and Fox Trot, were invented to accompany the upbeat music. (Watson) All of these elements are included in The Great Gatsby.

Jay Gatsby in Fitzgerald’s novel is the archetype male of the 1920s. He has it all: money, a handsome figure, a mansion, a cream-colored automobile, British lingo, and some sort of inexplicable charm about him. He is new money living in West Egg. Yet despite his myprovidence com parties and impressive mansion he is never be accepted by those who live in East Egg, where old money lives. The West Egg and East Egg are peninsulas that are a mere few miles apart where the only separation is the bay. (Fitzgerald) Fitzgerald’s peninsulas represent the same gap many Americans had to face in the 1920s.

The two peninsulas are so close that Gatsby is able to see the green light coming from the Buchanan’s dock yet he cannot take hold of the light because he isn’t allowed to be a part of the society of Daisy Buchanan, his unattainable love who is married to Tom Buchanan. Fitzgerald uses Gatsby to both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were on the American dream. It is his undying hope. Gatsby believes soon he will be able to be part of Daisy’s life. His optimism is so strong that in response to Nick Carraway’s comment “You can’t repeat the past,” he says, “Can’t repeat the past? Why of course you can! (Fitzgerald) He believes he can make anything happen. Even his disastrous end is caused by not himself but those who did not want him to succeed. Just as the American Dream was the central part of life in the 1920s so it is in The Great Gatsby. Fitzgerald both as a writer and a man understood the American Dream and its risks and rewards. Fitzgerald had lived the American Dream. He, just like Gatsby, had desired an unattainable love whom he couldn’t have until he was rich and successful. The 1920s was the dawning of the American materialistic age and where acceptance and wealth were of the utmost importance.

It is the idea that still exists today in American culture. Fitzgerald also describes the careless and senseless parties that took place during his time, similar to the parties Gatsby had. It was does capital one 360 use zelle about the money and if one couldn’t have it, one would turn to sex and alcohol. (Sklar) Hemingway’s experience of the 1920s was almost the opposite of Fitzgerald’s. Sex and a great deal of alcoholism were apparent and were used to subdue the everlasting sadness caused by World War I. The young men went to war between the ages of 18 and 25, when they would have normally become civilized.

Many of these people lived to find a permanent emotion or nostalgia after living through the disillusionment of the Great War. Paris was the expatriate capital. It was where the boldest modernists were. Many Americans who survived the war wanted to escape the newfound materialistic life and traveled to Paris and other major cities in Europe. Gertrude Stein called these people the Lost Generation and invented the term. Many were writers, artists and creative thinkers, including Hemingway. Many had hoped to experience their very own bohemian and artistic being in Paris.

Though the term first came to apply to those who had just come out of the war, the Lost Generation gradually became all American expatriates and in particular those with artistic and literary preferences. Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises expresses the uncivilized and aimless Americans who lived in Paris, and later Pamplona, Spain, who personified the term Lost Generation. (Mills) Lady Brett Ashley and Jake Barnes are two characters that display the jose cuervo margarita of the Lost Generation. Brett is seen as a “New Woman” of the 1920s. Jake describes her hair being brushed back “like a boy’. (Hemingway) She is trapped amid two styles of gender depictions: that of the “woman on a platform” and that of the independent and sexually liberated “contemporary women”. In contrast to flappers, “New Women” were educated and a product of an industrialized city. Brett values her body and doesn’t believe in the value of a family. Brett is single and carelessly sleeps around with other men. She snubs feminine models of cleanliness, faithfulness, and obedience. Instead Brett insists on sexual independence and self-expression while ignoring the rules of a patriarchal marriage.

Robert Cohen, a recent lover of Brett’s, comments she is Circe, turns men into pigs and controls both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were using sex and simulated love. This later turns the men against each other. Brett is seen as a threat to the social order of her group of which she is the only female. (Hemingway) Jake, out of all the characters in the novel, is the most civilized character and is usually embarrassed by his friends. He is still a member of the Lost Generation yet he is more civilized than the others. To compensate for his more civilized nature he constantly drinks alcohol, which was how much of the Lost Generation spent their time.

He is also the modern protagonist in the novel. He is an American and a contemporary man who has seen through the political and nationalist front wall of the war to assured facts about modern hostility embodied by World War One. Jake’s war injury, genital injury, represents the impotence of modernity and a media-flooded ethical and religious alienation. Jake’s infertility juxtaposed to Spain’s fertile country allude to the cliched idea of the 1920s of a lost legitimacy or completeness such as bullfighting and boxing.

Jake’s wild interest in bullfighting is a part of his search for the permanent emotion that he searches for as well as Hemingway did. He carries nostalgia of how good life was before his war injury and wishes he could return to the past. (Finnegan) While Hemingway put much of himself into Jake’s character, he resented the women of the Lost Generation. He correctly characterized the people and culture of the 1920s by making the nature of the characters in his novel intolerable and primitive.

He made the novel self-conscious of the primitive images it presents, knowing they are a modernist cliche of his time. Just like much of the Lost Generation, Hemingway searched for a pure style that would permanently capture an emotion. This was also considered as “a civilized nostalgia for a barbaric www tdbank com canada of tragedy and triumph. ” This deep “reactionary level of thought” can be seen throughout The Sun Also Rises and the Lost Generation. (Finnegan) The two novels focus on American life since after the Great War Americans held a new philosophy of materialism that Europeans did not.

Americans started to believe that the more property that was owned the better their chances of succeeding economically and socially. Because of this newfound materialism, many writers including Hemingway and Fitzgerald, were attracted to Americans. It was the Americans’ belief in the American Dream and the feeling of no place in the world and continual circling of the world, the Lost Generation, that influenced the characters’ decisions and actions in both novels hence the both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were The Great Gatsby and The Sun Also Rises.

Fitzgerald titled his novel The Great Gatsby for the reason of Gatsby’s never ending optimism as Hemingway titled his novel The Sun Also Rises to allude to the excerpt of Ecclesiastes he placed at the beginning of the novel, “The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth gown, and hasteth to the place where he arose. ” (Hemingway) Hemingway used The main difference between Fitzgerald and Hemingway, as well as they way they thought and wrote, is that Fitzgerald avoided war service while Hemingway served the Italian army and encountered a near death experience.

If one were to try to learn about the people of the 1920’s through a textbook they would not learn the people’s behavior and general attitudes on life in general. One wouldn’t be able to be captured by that permanent emotion Hemingway constantly searched for and one couldn’t experience the struggles of Fitzgerald’s American Dream. One couldn’t experience the new revolutionary modern way of writing that Fitzgerald and Hemingway had impressively presented. Works Cited Jim Finnegan. The Sun Also Rises (1926) Lecture Notes (Last Day of Discussion). Fall 2001.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. http:/www2. english. uiuc. edu/finnegan/English%20251/sunrises. html> November 28, 2004 Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Collier Books Macmillan Publishing Company, 1925. Flaming Youth. Warner Fabian. John Francis Dillon. 1923. Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Collier Books Macmillan Publishing Company, 1926. Ian C. Mills. Hemingway’s Paris. 1998-1999. DiscoverFrance. net. Rogers, J. A. “Jazz at Home. ” The Survey Graphic. 1925 Sklar, Robert. The Plastic Age, 1917-1930. New York: George Braziller, 1970.

Christen Curtis

Author: Christen Curtis

© neftali/Shutterstock

Fitzgerald loved the south of France. He arrived after World War I and rented out a villa, Belle Rives (now a hotel) where he held wild parties and helped introduced jazz to the region (by inviting all the I ll be home for christmas tab jazz greats to stay at his house and play). Both men were part of the “Lost Generation”; people who came of age during World War I, who spent their lives chasing their demons, desperate to forget about the horrors of war. Home remedies for flu pregnant is at the Belles Rives that Both ernest hemingway and f scott fitzgerald were and his wife Zelda ceaselessly entertained their social set, which included the Hemingways. It is also here that Fitzgerald began to write Tender is the Night. The nearby Hotel du Cap is the fictional setting for the book.

The Hotel Belles Rives in Antibes where Fitzgerald lived when it was a villa

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Hemingway and Fitzgerald: A Comparison [Infographic]

Hemingway and Fitgerald banner

Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald (who was actually known only as “Scott”) are two of the most acclaimed American authors of the last century.

Friends, colleagues, readers, critics, travelers, expats, members of “The Lost Generation”…Fitzgerald and Hemingway shared more than just a knack for the written word. At once the closest of friends and the most jealous of competitors, Hemingway and Fitzgerald led public, tumultuous, and booze-soaked lives—both together and apart.

So let’s take a deeper look at these literary frenemies!

Hemingway and Fitzgerald infographic

So how did the life of Ernest Hemingway compare to the life of F. Scott Fitzgerald? We’ve highlighted some of the main facts in our Hemingway and Fitzgerald infographic below.
Hemingway and Fitzgerald infographic

For those viewing on mobile, you can find the text contents of the infographic below.

Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald: Life, Love, & Literature

Ernest HemingwayF. Scott Fitzgerald
BirthJuly 21, 1899 (Cicero, IL)September 24, 1896 (St. Paul, MN)
Notable Life Experiences
  • Ambulance driver one america news roku WWI, Italy
  • Journalist in Spanish Civil War
  • Expat in Paris, “The Lost Generation”
  • Dropped out of Princeton
  • Expat in Paris, “The Lost Generation”
First Published NovelThe Sun Also Rises 1926This Side of Paradise 1920
MarriagesHadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gellhorn, and Mary WelshZelda Sayre (*Fitzgerald also had many high-profile affairs, including with Lois Moran and Sheilah Graham)
Children3 sons: John, Patrick, and Gregory1 daughter: Frances “Scottie”
Major Literary AwardsPulitzer Prize, 1953 (for The Old Man and the Sea), and the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1954none
Number of Published Works7 novels, and 6 short story collections (many more were published posthumously)4 novels, and many short stories, published individually (many more were published posthumously)
Writing Style“…lean and sinewy prose; his mastery of a kind of laconic, understated dialogue; his insistent use of repetition, often of a single word, or name…” – New York Times“…his ‘ability to catch the flavor of a period, the fragrance of a night, a snatch of old song, in a phrase’…” – New York Times
DeathJuly 2, 1961, in Ketchum, ID, by self-inflicted gunshot woundDecember 21, 1940, in Hollywood, CA, by heart attack

Letters from Hemingway to Fitzgerald

“You see, Bo, you’re not a tragic character. Neither am I. All we are is writers and what we should do is write.”

-Ernest Hemingway in a letter to Scott Fitzgerald, May 1934

Ernest 5th third bank customer service phone number and Scott Fitzgerald often kept up their friendship through correspondence, asking each other for advice or encouragement (or just as frequently, sarcastically mocking one another or being perhaps a bit too brutally honest about each other’s work and lifestyle).

Ernest Hemingway signature

Photo: Creative Commons 3.0, Adapted from Wikicommons

These letters are full of interesting insights into Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and their relationship with each other. We can’t go into all of the detail in such a short post, but we’d like to share a few highlights from this letter from Ernest Hemingway to Scott Fitzgerald:

Forget your personal tragedy. We are all bitched from the start and you especially have to hurt like hell before you can write seriously. But when you get the damned hurt use it—don’t cheat with it. Be as faithful to it as a scientist—but don’t think anything is of any importance because it happens to you or anyone belonging to you.

For Christ sake write and don’t worry about what the boys will say nor whether it will be a masterpiece nor what. I write one page of masterpiece to ninety one pages of shit.

You are twice as good now as you were at the time you think you were so marvellous. You know I never thought so much of Gatsby at the time. You can write twice as well now as you ever could. All you need to do is write truly and not care about what the fate of it is. 

Hemingway’s take on Zelda Fitzgerald

As evidenced in the same Hemingway letter above, another cause of discord in Hemingway and Fitzgerald’s friendship was Fitzgerald’s wife Zelda. Zelda hated Hemingway, who in turn accused Zelda of distracting Scott from his writing. Hemingway described Zelda to Scott as “someone who is jealous of your work, wants to compete with you and ruins you.”

In a later letter in 1950, Hemingway was even more critical of Zelda and her influence on Scott:

I think Scott in his strange mixed-up Irish catholic monogamy wrote for Zelda and when he lost all hope in commercial trailer rentals near me and she destroyed his confidence in himself he was through.

These letters, many of which have survived and been compiled into volumes, shed light on the complex friendship that Hemingway and Fitzgerald shared.

Popular magazine writing

Both men at various times in their lives, usually due to financial strain, wrote stories and sold them to popular magazines. Both were fairly ambivalent about this type of work, but Fitzgerald especially felt that it cheapened their work to the point of “whoring” themselves out. In a letter to Hemingway, he describes a popular magazine Hearst’s like so:

You were wise not to tie up with Hearst’s. They are absolute bitches who feed on contracts like cultures, if I may coin a new simile.

Because Hemingway reached critical acclaim and financial success during his lifetime, he did not have to sell his short stories for very long.

Fitzgerald, on the other hand, had legendary financial troubles stemming from his alcohol abuse, lavish lifestyle, and medical bills related to Zelda’s mental health treatment. Despite his sense of embarrassment at the job, Fitzgerald worked as a scriptwriter in Hollywood in his later years.

Fitzgerald and Hemingway: Afflicted yet enduring talents

F. Scott Fitzgerald’s legacy

Unfortunately for F. Scott Fitzgerald, his legacy lives on as much bb gun pistol with extended clip his obvious alcoholism as in his literary talents. While The Great Gatsby is taught in high schools and universities across the English-speaking world, he is perhaps most known for his descent into alcoholism and for his troubled relationship with Zelda.

F. Scott Fitzgerald by Carl Van Vechten

Photo: Public domain, Wikicommons

Though This Side of Paradise was an immediate success, Fitzgerald’s later works were not nearly as appreciated during his lifetime.

As The New York Times wrote in his obituary:

Mr. Fitzgerald in his life and writings ‘epitomized ‘all the sad young men’ of the post-war generation. . . The promise of his brilliant career was never fulfilled.

Fitzgerald died of a heart attack in 1940, without ever having won a major literary award.

Ernest Hemingway’s legacy

Unlike Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway maintained a high level of critical and popular acclaim throughout his lifetime. His hard, lean prose and short, declarative sentences make his writing style among the most immediately recognizable in the world.

American Author Ernest Hemingway aboard his Yacht around 1950

Photo: Public domain, Wikicommons

But Hemingway’s fame was not only a result of his literary successes. In fact, more than anything, Hemingway made himself into a legend as the living embodiment of his ideals of raw adventure and real masculinity.

As The New Yorker says:

Hemingway’s way of writing was also inseparable from his physically vigorous subjects, such as war, hunting, fishing, and bullfighting.

Ernest Hemingway won the Pulitzer Prize (for his novella The Old Man and the Sea) and the Nobel Prize for Literature. He died in 1961 of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.

His clear, direct wordings and spare sentence constructions have even inspired the Hemingway app, a tool to help writers simplify their work.

Hemingway and Fitzgerald in pop culture

Midnight in Paris

Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald (and Zelda) make an appearance in Woody Allen’s 2011 movie Midnight in Paris. Ernest Hemingway’s character speaks in in the author’s characteristically short, lean prose, while Scott Fitzgerald exhibits his lavish lifestyle and marital troubles with Zelda.

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

Did you know that the 2008 movie starring Brad Pitt was based off of a short story that F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote in 1922?

You can read Scott Fitzgerald’s original short story “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button” on Project Gutenberg’s Tales of the Jazz Age.

If you love the work of F. Scott Fitzgerald, check out our full-text book poster of The Beautiful and Damned.

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