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Bank smarter with U.S. Bank and browse personal and consumer banking services including checking and savings accounts, mortgages, home equity loans. First Choice Bank Clients - Welcome to the Enterprise Family! After our merger with First Choice Bancorp, we're proud to extend our banking solutions to new. Enterprise Bank & Trust lobby hours, directions, reviews, phone number and Trust located at 7445 Pan American Freeway Ne in Albuquerque New Mexico 87109.

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Why We Use Enterprise Bank Casetext". casetext.com. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^Sabrosky, C W (1970). "The case of Papilio aglaja Linnaeus. Z.N.(S.)1791". The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 27: 69. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.29400. ISSN 0007-5167.
  • ^https://www.justice.gov/opa/file/451891/download
  • ^https://www.justice.gov/opa/file/451891/download
  • ^Wood, Robert W. "Rothschild Bank Enters Deferred Prosecution Agreement, Triggering More IRS Disclosures". Forbes. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^"Re Rothschild Bank". US Department of Justice. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  • ^"Swiss regulator: Rothschild Bank AG broke anti-moneylaundering."Reuters. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  • ^"Swiss regulator: Rothschild Bank AG broke anti-moneylaundering."Reuters. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^FINMA, Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht. "FINMA concludes final 1MDB proceedings". Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht FINMA. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^swissinfo.ch, S. W. I.; Corporation, a branch of the Swiss Broadcasting. "Rothschild bank sanctioned for role in 1MDB scandal". SWI swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^"Rothschild Bank: Vorschriften gegen Geldwäscherei missachtet". finews.ch (in German). 20 July 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^Kostov, Nick (29 June 2018). "Rothschilds End Family Feud Over Use of Name in Banking". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  • ^"Versicherungsmakler Kassel". halili.de (in German). Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  • Further reading[edit]

    External links[edit]

    Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rothschild_%26_Co
    Guide to the Archive". guide-to-the-archive.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^Grant, James. "Why Rothschild is good for graduates". Weavee. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  • ^"Rothschild & Co – Careers: Career development". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^"New Court Rothschild Bank". OMA. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  • ^"Fall guy or wise enterprise bank and trust new mexico Swiss private banker Juerg Heer". www.nypress.com. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^"Pleiten: Im Nirwana". Spiegel Online. 9. 27 February 1995. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^"Rothschilds prop up Zurich bank". The Independent. 23 September 1992. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  • ^NM Rothschild & Sons Ltd -v- Rothschild & Co (UK) Ltd Retrieved 20 September 2014
  • ^ ab"Von Schönau-Riedweg v. Rothschild BankNo. 17-P-787

    Rothschild & Co

    Anglo-French investment bank

    Rothschild & Co is a multinational investment bank and financial services company, and the flagship of the Rothschild banking group controlled by the French and British branches of the Rothschild family.

    The banking business of the firm covers the areas of investment banking, restructuring, corporate banking, private equity, asset management, and private banking. It is also known to serve as the advisor and lender to governments and major corporations.[5] In addition, the firm has its own investment account in private equity.

    Rothschild's financial advisory division is known to serve British nobility, including the British Royal Family. Past chairman Sir Evelyn de Rothschild is the personal financial advisor of Queen Elizabeth II, and she knighted him in 1989 for his services to banking and finance.[6]

    History[edit]

    Coat of arms of House Rothschild

    Rothschild & Co is the result of a merger between the French and British houses of Rothschild, each with individual but intertwined histories.

    British history (N M Rothschild & Sons)[edit]

    Late 18th century[edit]

    In the late 18th century and early 19th century, Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812) rose to become one of Europe's most powerful bankers in the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel in the Holy Roman Empire. In pursuit of expansion, he appointed his sons to start banking operations in the various capitals of Europe, including sending his third son, Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), to England.[7]

    Early 19th century[edit]

    Nathan Mayer Rothschild first settled in Manchester, where he established a business in finance and textile trading. He later moved to London, founding N M Rothschild & Sons in 1810 at New Court, which is still the location of Rothschild & Co's headquarters today.[8] Through this company, Nathan Mayer Rothschild made a fortune with his involvement in the Bonds Market.[9]

    According to historian Niall Ferguson in 1999, "For most of the nineteenth century, N M Rothschild was part of the biggest bank in the world which dominated the international bond market. For a contemporary equivalent, one has to imagine a merger between Merrill Enterprise bank and trust new mexico, Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan Chase & Co. and probably Goldman Sachs too—as well, perhaps, as the International Monetary Fund, given the nineteenth-century Rothschild's role in stabilizing the finances of numerous governments."[9]

    During the early part of the 19th century, the Rothschild London bank took a leading part in managing and financing the subsidies that the British government transferred to its allies during the Napoleonic Wars. Through the creation of a network of agents, couriers and shippers, the bank was able to provide funds to the armies of the Duke of Wellington in Portugal and Spain. In 1818 the Rothschild bank arranged a £5 million loan to the Prussian government and the issuing of bonds for government loans. The providing of other innovative and complex financing for government projects formed a mainstay of the bank's business for the better part of the century. N M Rothschild & Sons' financial strength in the City of London became such that by 1825, the bank was able to supply enough coin to the Bank of England to enable it to avert a liquidity crisis.[10]

    Like most firms with global operations in the 19th century, Rothschild had links to slavery, even though the firm was instrumental in abolishing it by providing a £15m gilt issue necessary to pass the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833.[11][12] The money provided by Rothschild was used to pay slave owners compensation for their slaves and the gilt issue was only fully redeemed in 2015.[13]

    Late 19th century[edit]

    Nathan Mayer's eldest son, Bridgepointe apartments de Rothschild (1808–1879) succeeded him as head of the London branch. Under Lionel the bank financed the British government's 1875 purchase of a controlling interest in the Suez Canal. Lionel also began to invest in railways enterprise bank and trust new mexico his uncle James had been doing in France. In 1869, Lionel's son, Alfred de Rothschild (1842–1918), became a director of the Bank of England, a post he held for 20 years. Alfred was one of those who represented the British Government at the 1892 International Monetary Conference in Brussels.[15]

    The Rothschild bank funded Cecil Rhodes in the development of the British South Africa Company and Leopold de Rothschild (1845–1917) administered Rhodes's estate after his death in 1902 and helped to set up the Rhodes Scholarship scheme at Oxford University. In 1873 de Rothschild Frères (trans. "The Rothschild Brothers") of Paris and N M Rothschild & Sons of London joined with other investors to acquire the Spanish government's money-losing Rio Tinto copper mines. The new owners restructured the company and turned it into a profitable business. By 1905, the Rothschild interest in Rio Tinto amounted to more than 30%. In 1887, the French and English Rothschild banking houses loaned money to, and invested in, the De Beers diamond mines in South Africa, becoming its largest shareholders.[16]

    20th century[edit]

    The First World War marked a change of fortune and emphasis for Rothschild. After the War, the Rothschild banks began a steady transition towards advisory work and finance raising for commercial concerns, including the London Underground. In 1938, the Austrian Rothschilds’ interests were given to the Nazis, bringing to an end more than a century at the heart of Central European banking. In France and Austria, the family was scattered for the duration of the Second World War. After the war, the British and French banks committed themselves to further developing their new operation in the United States, which was eventually to become Rothschild Inc,[17] and increased focus on mergers and acquisitions, asset management, and merchant-banking.[18]

    In the 20th century, Rothschild developed into a pre-eminent global organisation, which enhanced its ability to secure key advisory roles in some of the most important, complex and recognizable mergers and acquisitions. In the 1980s, Rothschild took a leading role in the international phenomenon of privatization. The company was involved from the beginning and developed a pioneering role which spread out to more than thirty countries worldwide. In recent years, Rothschild advised on nearly a thousand completed mergers and acquisitions with a cumulative value in excess of US$1 trillion. Rothschild also advised on some of the largest and most high-profile corporate restructurings around the world.[19]

    The price of gold was fixed for years, twice daily at 10:30 am and 3:00 pm, in a small room at Rothschild's New Court headquarters on St Swithin's Lane.[20] The world's main bullion houses: Deutsche Bank, HSBC, Scotia-Mocatta and Société Générale used the agreed rate as a price benchmark for gold products and derivatives in the world's markets. The chairperson, traditionally appointed by the Rothschild bank, sat in chemical bank open near me center, although the bank itself has largely withdrawn from trading. The five members of the London Bullion Association: Barclays Capital, Deutsche Bank, Scotiabank, HSBC and Société Générale, now conduct their twice-daily meetings over the telephone. The meetings were a tradition as great as the ringing of the bell at the New York Stock Exchange until 2004.[21]

    French history (Paris Orléans)[edit]

    19th century[edit]

    Main article: Compagnie du chemin de fer de Paris à Orléans

    The Compagnie du chemin de fer de Paris à Orléans was founded in 1838 as a railway company; after several takeovers and a merger with the Chemins de fer du Midi it had about 11,000 km (6,800 mi) of track, and was one of the major railway companies in France. In 1938, it was nationalised along with five other railway undertakings to form the national state railway company SNCF.[22]

    20th century[edit]

    Logo of Rothschild prior to 2015 rebranding

    After the Second World War, the French branch of the Rothschild family took over the remains of Paris Orléans and transformed it into a holding company for its banking activities and corporate investments. These mainly included the Banque Rothschild (Bank), SGIM (property company), the SIACI (insurance), the Francarep (oil company) and the SGDBR (wineries), now Domaines Barons de Rothschild (DBR).[23]

    By 1980, the Paris business employed about 2,000 people and had an annual turnover of 26 billion francs ($5 billion in the currency rates of 1980).[24]

    The Socialist French government of François Mitterrand nationalized Banque Rothschild and renamed it Compagnie Européenne de Banque in 1981.[25] In 1983, David de Rothschild and Eric de Rothschild recapitalized the family's business just as their ancestors had done in the prior century under the enterprise bank and trust new mexico Paris Orléans as it was banned from using the family name until 1986,[26] at which time the firm was renamed Rothschild & Cie Banque.[27]

    Modern history and recent events[edit]

    Anglo-French Rothschild merger[edit]

    In 2003, the English (N M Rothschild & Sons) and French (Rothschild & Cie Banque) firms announced plans to merge under the leadership of David R. de Rothschild. Paris Orléans SCA became the flagship holding company of the family business of Rothschild. Although Paris Orléans is listed on the exchange, the family retains control of the firm.[28][29] After the merger of the banking activities, Paris Orléans SCA became the sole owner Concordia BV, which controls Rothschilds Continuation Holdings AG, which controls the Rothschild Group's banking activities.[30] By 2011, the firm had merged operations and was unified.[31]

    Recent history[edit]

    Current Logo of Rothschild & Co (2015–)

    In 2007, Rothschild formed joint venture Jardine Rothschild Asia Capital with Jardine Strategic, specializing in growth capital investments.[32]

    In 2010, the firm appointed the first non-family member chief executive officer, Nigel Higgins.[33]

    In 2011, the firm rebranded from "N M Rothschild & Sons" to "Rothschild & Co."[34] The goal of this was to show "a new global positioning as the fulcrum of the Financial Market."[35]

    In 2015, the parent company Paris Orléans changed its name to Rothschild & Co to match the trade name of the business.[36]

    In 2017, Rothschild & Co acquired the family-controlled French private bank Martin Maurel.[37] This merger united the businesses of two European financial families. After the acquisition, Rothschild & Co became the leading private bank in France.[38]

    In 2018, Rothschild & Co sold its trust services division (responsible for the creation and administration of trust structures) to Richard Martin,[39] a long-time Rothschild executive for an undisclosed amount. This restructuring of Rothschild's Wealth Management practice allowed the firm to focus more on its private banking activities from the recent purchase and integration of Rothschild Martin Maurel.[37]

    In 2019, the firm acquired a stake in Redburn,[40] a global financial services firm that provides research in various coverage sectors and brokerage execution services for traditional and algorithmic sales and trading.[41]

    Operations[edit]

    Rothschild & Co has three primary businesses: Global Advisory (Investment Banking Division), Wealth and Asset Management, and Merchant Banking.

    Global Advisory (Investment Banking Division)[edit]

    The banking business is structured as follows:[42]

    • M&A and Strategic Advisory
    • Debt Advisory and Restructuring
    • Equity Advisory and Capital Markets

    Rothschild & Co is consistently in the top 10 global investment banks for mergers and acquisitions (M&A) advisory by Thompson Reuters by both number and size of deals.[43] In 2018, as with previous years, the firm ranked 1st globally and 1st in Europe by number of completed M&A transactions.[44]

    Wealth and Asset Management[edit]

    Rothschild & Co's wealth management practice stems on wealth preservation through generations, just as the Rothschild family has done for enterprise bank and trust new mexico two centuries. The words of one of Mayer Amschel Rothschild's sons and founder of Rothschild & Co still illustrate the service provided to clients:

    "It takes a great deal of boldness and a great deal of caution to make a great ups accounting phone number and when you have got it, it requires ten times as much wit to keep it" –Nathan Mayer Rothschild[45]

    Merchant Banking[edit]

    Merchant banking is the investment arm of Rothschild & Co, deploying the firm's capital alongside private fedex credit association online banking institutional investors. The portfolio is in excess of €8 billion.[46]

    Vineyards[edit]

    Historically, the Rothschild family has owned many Bordeaux vineyards enterprise bank and trust new mexico 1868. Les Domaines Barons de Rothschild (Lafite) and Champagne Barons de Rothschild are some of the wineries owned in part by Rothschild & Co.[47][48]

    Corporate culture[edit]

    Rothschild & Co has a unique culture in part due to its more than two-century history and the firm still remaining under family control.[49] The firm's new analyst education program, for instance, lasts nearly two months in London.[50]

    New Court headquarters[edit]

    Main article: New Court

    Rothschild & Co's headquarters in London have been continuously located at New Court, St. Swithin's Lane, London for over two centuries. After acquiring the lease in 1809,[51] the firm continued to grow. In 1865, a new building designed by Thomas Marsh Nelson in the Italian "palazzo" style was created at the same site.[52] This building served as the headquarters for Rothschild through both world wars. In 1962, the firm demolished and rebuilt its New Court headquarters for a third time as the suggestion of Evelyn Robert de Rothschild.[53] In 2005, the firm decided to create a fourth iteration of the building that opens enterprise bank and trust new mexico views of St Stephen Walbrook church from its lobby, and views of the London skyline from a roof-top "sky pavilion" designed by Rem Koolhaas and his Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA).[54][55]

    Controversies and legal issues[edit]

    Jürg Heer scandal[edit]

    Dr. Jürg Heer worked for Rothschild Bank AG (since October 2018 Rothschild & Co. Bank AG) in Zurich for more than twenty years, the last nine as its credit manager. He was dismissed in June 1992. Heer was accused of taking kick-backs of more than US$20 million in exchange for making unsecured and unapproved loans to 1st advantage credit union German and Canadian real estate magnate Karsten von Wersebe resulting in a loss of US$155 million to the enterprise bank and trust new mexico. In 1998, in the district court of Zurich, Heer confessed that he embezzled about US$33 million from Rothschild Bank AG between 1986 and 1992.[56][57] The Rothschild family committed CHF 150 million to supporting its bank in recovering from one of the then largest financial frauds in Switzerland.[58]

    NM Rothschild & Sons Ltd vs. Rothschild & Co (UK) Ltd[edit]

    On 27 January 2009 NM Rothschild & Sons Ltd filed under s.69(1)(b) of the UK Companies Act 2006 for a change of name of the respondent company, Rothschild & Co (UK) Ltd, which had been registered since 31 October 2008. The Company Names Tribunal enterprise bank and trust new mexico for the applicant and ordered the respondent to change its name or else have its name changed by the adjudicator, as well as to pay the applicant's costs.[59]

    Von Schönau-Riedweg vs. Rothschild Bank AG & others (2012–present)[edit]

    On 20 December 2012 Rothschild Bank AG brought suit against its client Corinna von Schönau-Riedweg in Switzerland, seeking a declaration that the bank had no liability with respect to the private equity transactions recommended by Rothschild Bank's former employee Wilfrid von Plotho.[60] As a reaction to this suit von Schönau brought suit in the Superior Court in Boston/USA against Rothschild Bank AG, Rothschild Trust (Schweiz) AG, Wilfrid von Plotho and others. In December 2014 a separate and final judgment over US$15 million against von Plotho and his Panamanian offshore company ARA Management was entered in force; neither von Plotho nor ARA Management appealed from that judgment.[60] In June 2019 the Appeals Court of Massachusetts (Boston) decided that von Schönau's suit against Rothschild Bank should be revived, as she had made a showing that Wilfrid von Plotho, she claims caused her millions of dollars to lose, was Rothschild Bank's agent in Switzerland as well as in the USA.[61]

    Penalty of USD 11,510,000: Non-Prosecution Agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice (2013-2015)[edit]

    According to the Non-Prosecution Agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice (Tax Division) of June 2015 Rothschild Bank (now Rothschild & Co. Bank AG) admitted that it had 66 U.S.-related accounts held by entities created in Panama, Liechtenstein, British Virgin Islands or other foreign countries with U.S. beneficial owners. Knowing it was highly probable that the U.S. clients were engaging in schemes to avoid U.S. taxes, Rothschild Bank permitted the accounts to trade in U.S. securities without reporting account earnings, or transmitting any withholding taxes, to the IRS.[62] Of the U.S. related accounts with an aggregate maximum balance of approximately US$836 million hat U.S. beneficial owners, representing approx. 5% of the aggregate maximum balance of Rothschild Bank's total assets under management during the period in question.[63] In bb kings blues club dinner and show may 27 of its illegal conduct Rothschild Bank agreed to pay US$11,510,000 as a penalty to the U.S. Department of Justice without having to admit any guilt in the matter.[64][65]

    1MDB Malaysian sovereign wealth fund scandal (2015–present)[edit]

    Main article: 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal

    Rothschild Bank AG (since October 2018 renamed Rothschild & Co. Bank AG), average american savings 2020 subsidiary of Rothschild & Co,[66] broke anti-money-laundering rules in 1MDB case according to Swiss prosecutiors.[67] In July 2018 the Swiss Financial Market Authority (FINMA) concluded final 1MDB proceedings, in which Rothschild Bank AG and its subsidiary Rothschild Trust (Schweiz) AG have been found to be in serious breach of money laundering rules in the context of 1 MDB. The FINMA appointed an audit agent to review enhancements already put in place by Rothschild Bank. FINMA stated, that Rothschild Bank and Rothschild Trust were found to be in "breach of due diligence, reporting and documentation requirements […]. Although there were early indications that this client could be involved in money laundering activities, the institutions decided nevertheless to enter into the relationship and at a later stage considerably expand it."[68] The 1MDB fraud saw billions of dollars siphoned off from the sovereign wealth fund into the pockets of corrupt officials.[69][70]

    Dispute between Rothschild & Co and Edmond de Rothschild Group[edit]

    After Paris Orleans was renamed to Rothschild & Co, the Edmond de Rothschild Group disputed the use of the family name for branding purposes. Until their settlement, Rothschild & Co and the Edmond de Enterprise bank and trust new mexico Group were cross-shareholders in each other's business, further complicating the matter. In 2018 the two sides of the family resolved the dispute.[71]

    Notable current and former employees[edit]

    Many notable people, including heads of state, CEOs, and billionaires have been involved with the firm. This partial list excludes the many notable members of the Rothschild family who have worked at the family firm. [72]

    Business[edit]

    Politics and public service[edit]

    Armed forces[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ abcd"Rothschild & Co". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
    2. ^official website: "Supervisory Board"
    3. ^official website: "Leadership Alexandre de Rothschild Profile"
    4. ^ abcdef"Full year 2020 results"(PDF). Rothschild & Co. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
    5. ^"Exhibitions ‹ Rothschild Timeline :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    6. ^"No. 51578". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1988. p. 2.
    7. ^Gray, Victor; Aspey, Melanie (May 2006) [2004]. "Rothschild, Nathan Mayer (1777–1836)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24162. Retrieved 21 May 2007. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
    8. ^"Brief history of the London house, N M Rothschild & Sons". Rothschild Archive. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
    9. ^ abFerguson, Niall (1999). The House of Rothschild: The World's Banker, 1849–1999. Viking. p. 479. ISBN .
    10. ^"N M Rothschild & Sons, the UK-based investment bank founded in 1811 known as Rothschild". www.truedemocracy.net. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    11. ^Rothschild and Freshfields founders had links to slavery, papers reveal Financial Times, 26 June 2009
    12. ^Rothschilds gained less from slavery than from financing its abolition Financial Times, 30 June 2009
    13. ^"Slavery Abolition Act of 1833"(PDF). HM Government. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
    14. ^"Cultivating good habits"(PDF). Quarterly Letter. London: Rothschild Private Wealth. p. 5. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
    15. ^Cross, William. "Baron Alfred Charles de Rothschild". Retrieved 11 February 2018.
    16. ^Kynaston, David (1995). The City Of London Volume 1: A World of its Own 1815–1890. Pimlico. ISBN .
    17. ^"BrokerCheck – Find a broker, investment or financial advisor". brokercheck.finra.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    18. ^"How Rothschild Inc. Saved Donald Trump". Philosophy of Metrics. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
    19. ^"Rothschild & Co Names Homer Parkhill and Stephen Antinelli as Co-Heads of Restructuring in North America". PR Newswire. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
    20. ^"Paris Orléans Annual report 2009/2010"(PDF). Paris-orleans.com. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
    21. ^"Rothschild to leave gold market". BBC. 15 April 2004. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
    22. ^Chen, Zhenhua; Haynes, Kingsley (2015). Chinese Railways un the Era of High Speed. Emerald Publishing. p. 179. ISBN .
    23. ^"History". Domaines Barons de Rothschild. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    24. ^RPT-French banker Guy de Rothschild dies aged 98 Reuters, Thu 14 June 2007 12:26 pm EDT
    25. ^Ibrahim, Youssef M. (27 October 1996). "Restoring The House of Rothschild". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    26. ^Lewis, Paul (14 June 2007). "Baron Guy de Rothschild, Leader of French Arm of Bank Dynasty, Dies at 98". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    27. ^Baron Guy de Rothschild, Leader of French Arm of Bank Dynasty, Dies at 98 The New York Times, Thu 14 June 2007
    28. ^"Banking activities organisation chart of Rothschild". Paris-orleans.com.
    29. ^"Paris Orléans Annual report 2007/2008"(PDF). Paris-orleans.com. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
    30. ^"Rothschild family realigns London and Paris bank operations". The Independent. 8 July 2003. Retrieved 11 Enterprise bank and trust new mexico 2018.
    31. ^Wilson, Harry (5 April 2012). "Rothschilds to merge British and French banking operations to secure control". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    32. ^"Jardines – 2000 – 2009". Jardines.com. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
    33. ^"Rothschild to appoint first non-family chief". Financial Times. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
    34. ^Armitstead, Louise (4 February 2011). "Rothschild rebrand drops investment banking after 200 years". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    35. ^OnionEye. "Branding for Rothschild Banking – MICHAEL WINTER CREATIVE". Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    36. ^Broom, Giles (24 September 2015). "Battle of the Rothschilds in Paris as Name Grab Sparks Complaint". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    37. ^ abBray, Chad (6 June 2016). "Rothschild & Company to Acquire Compagnie Financière Martin Maurel". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    38. ^Valentini, Fabio (6 June 2016). "Rothschild & Co. Buying Martin Maurel to Expand in France". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    39. ^"Rothschild to sell trust services business". Reuters. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    40. ^"Rothschild buys minority stake in equity research firm Redburn". Reuters. 17 July 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
    41. ^"About Redburn". Redburn. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
    42. ^"Global Advisory – Rothschild & Co". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    43. ^"Thomson California medical facility solano county 2011 League TableArchived 2011-04-09 at the Wayback Machine
    44. ^"Rothschild & Co: 2018 – Availability of the 2018 Annual Report". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    45. ^"Quotes". Forbes. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
    46. ^"Merchant Banking – Rothschild & Co". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    47. ^"Rothschild & Co – Champagne Barons De Rothschild". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    48. ^"The Paris banking house

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      Источник: https://enterprisebank.mymortgage-online.com/LisaMunoz.html

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      Источник: https://www.bankofamerica.com/

      Rothschild & Co

      Anglo-French investment bank

      Rothschild & Co is a multinational investment bank and financial services company, and the flagship of the Rothschild banking group controlled by the French and British branches of the Rothschild family.

      The banking business of the firm covers the areas of investment banking, restructuring, corporate banking, private equity, asset management, and private banking. It is also known to serve as the advisor and lender to governments and major corporations.[5] In addition, the firm has its own investment account in private equity.

      Rothschild's financial advisory division is known to serve British nobility, including the British Royal Family. Past chairman Sir Evelyn de Rothschild is the personal financial advisor of Queen Elizabeth II, and she knighted him in 1989 for his services to banking and finance.[6]

      History[edit]

      Coat of arms of House Rothschild

      Rothschild & Co is the result of a merger between the French and British houses of Rothschild, each with individual but intertwined histories.

      British history (N M Rothschild & Sons)[edit]

      Late 18th century[edit]

      In the late 18th century and early 19th century, Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812) rose to become one of Europe's most powerful bankers in the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel in the Holy Roman Empire. In pursuit of expansion, he appointed his sons to start banking operations in the various capitals of Europe, including sending his third son, Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), to England.[7]

      Early 19th century[edit]

      Nathan Mayer Rothschild first settled in Manchester, where he established a business in finance and textile trading. He later moved to London, founding N M Rothschild & Sons in 1810 at New Court, which is still the location of Rothschild & Co's headquarters today.[8] Through this company, Nathan Mayer Rothschild made a fortune with his involvement in the Bonds Market.[9]

      According to historian Niall Ferguson in 1999, "For most of the nineteenth century, N M Rothschild was part of the biggest bank in the world which dominated the international bond market. For a contemporary equivalent, one has to imagine a merger between Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan Chase & Co. and probably Goldman Sachs too—as well, perhaps, as the International Monetary Fund, given the nineteenth-century Rothschild's role in stabilizing the finances of numerous governments."[9]

      During the early part of the 19th century, the Rothschild London bank took a leading part in managing and financing the subsidies that the British government transferred to its allies during the Napoleonic Wars. Through the creation of a network of agents, couriers and shippers, the bank was able to provide funds to the armies of the Duke of Wellington in Portugal and Spain. In 1818 the Rothschild bank arranged a £5 million loan to the Prussian government and the issuing of bonds for government loans. The providing of other innovative and complex financing for government projects formed a mainstay of the bank's business for the better part of the century. N M Rothschild & Sons' financial strength in the City of London became such that by 1825, the bank was able to supply enough coin to the Bank of England to enable it to avert a liquidity crisis.[10]

      Like most firms with global operations in the 19th century, Rothschild had links to slavery, even though the firm was instrumental in abolishing it by providing a £15m gilt issue necessary to pass the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833.[11][12] The money provided by Rothschild was used to pay slave owners compensation for their slaves and the gilt issue was only fully redeemed in 2015.[13]

      Late 19th century[edit]

      Nathan Mayer's eldest son, Lionel de Rothschild (1808–1879) succeeded him as head of the London branch. Under Lionel the bank financed the British government's 1875 purchase of a controlling interest in the Suez Canal. Lionel also began to invest in railways as his uncle James had been doing in France. In 1869, Lionel's son, Alfred de Rothschild (1842–1918), became a director of the Bank of England, a post he held for 20 years. Alfred was one of those who represented the British Government at the 1892 International Monetary Conference in Brussels.[15]

      The Rothschild bank funded Cecil Rhodes in the development of the British South Africa Company and Leopold de Rothschild (1845–1917) administered Rhodes's estate after his death in 1902 and helped to set up the Rhodes Scholarship scheme at Oxford University. In 1873 de Rothschild Frères (trans. "The Rothschild Brothers") of Paris and N M Rothschild & Sons of London joined with other investors to acquire the Spanish government's money-losing Rio Tinto copper mines. The new owners restructured the company and turned it into a profitable business. By 1905, the Rothschild interest in Rio Tinto amounted to more than 30%. In 1887, the French and English Rothschild banking houses loaned money to, and invested in, the De Beers diamond mines in South Africa, becoming its largest shareholders.[16]

      20th century[edit]

      The First World War marked a change of fortune and emphasis for Rothschild. After the War, the Rothschild banks began a steady transition towards advisory work and finance raising for commercial concerns, including the London Underground. In 1938, the Austrian Rothschilds’ interests were given to the Nazis, bringing to an end more than a century at the heart of Central European banking. In France and Austria, the family was scattered for the duration of the Second World War. After the war, the British and French banks committed themselves to further developing their new operation in the United States, which was eventually to become Rothschild Inc,[17] and increased focus on mergers and acquisitions, asset management, and merchant-banking.[18]

      In the 20th century, Rothschild developed into a pre-eminent global organisation, which enhanced its ability to secure key advisory roles in some of the most important, complex and recognizable mergers and acquisitions. In the 1980s, Rothschild took a leading role in the international phenomenon of privatization. The company was involved from the beginning and developed a pioneering role which spread out to more than thirty countries worldwide. In recent years, Rothschild advised on nearly a thousand completed mergers and acquisitions with a cumulative value in excess of US$1 trillion. Rothschild also advised on some of the largest and most high-profile corporate restructurings around the world.[19]

      The price of gold was fixed for years, twice daily at 10:30 am and 3:00 pm, in a small room at Rothschild's New Court headquarters on St Swithin's Lane.[20] The world's main bullion houses: Deutsche Bank, HSBC, Scotia-Mocatta and Société Générale used the agreed rate as a price benchmark for gold products and derivatives in the world's markets. The chairperson, traditionally appointed by the Rothschild bank, sat in the center, although the bank itself has largely withdrawn from trading. The five members of the London Bullion Association: Barclays Capital, Deutsche Bank, Scotiabank, HSBC and Société Générale, now conduct their twice-daily meetings over the telephone. The meetings were a tradition as great as the ringing of the bell at the New York Stock Exchange until 2004.[21]

      French history (Paris Orléans)[edit]

      19th century[edit]

      Main article: Compagnie du chemin de fer de Paris à Orléans

      The Compagnie du chemin de fer de Paris à Orléans was founded in 1838 as a railway company; after several takeovers and a merger with the Chemins de fer du Midi it had about 11,000 km (6,800 mi) of track, and was one of the major railway companies in France. In 1938, it was nationalised along with five other railway undertakings to form the national state railway company SNCF.[22]

      20th century[edit]

      Logo of Rothschild prior to 2015 rebranding

      After the Second World War, the French branch of the Rothschild family took over the remains of Paris Orléans and transformed it into a holding company for its banking activities and corporate investments. These mainly included the Banque Rothschild (Bank), SGIM (property company), the SIACI (insurance), the Francarep (oil company) and the SGDBR (wineries), now Domaines Barons de Rothschild (DBR).[23]

      By 1980, the Paris business employed about 2,000 people and had an annual turnover of 26 billion francs ($5 billion in the currency rates of 1980).[24]

      The Socialist French government of François Mitterrand nationalized Banque Rothschild and renamed it Compagnie Européenne de Banque in 1981.[25] In 1983, David de Rothschild and Eric de Rothschild recapitalized the family's business just as their ancestors had done in the prior century under the name Paris Orléans as it was banned from using the family name until 1986,[26] at which time the firm was renamed Rothschild & Cie Banque.[27]

      Modern history and recent events[edit]

      Anglo-French Rothschild merger[edit]

      In 2003, the English (N M Rothschild & Sons) and French (Rothschild & Cie Banque) firms announced plans to merge under the leadership of David R. de Rothschild. Paris Orléans SCA became the flagship holding company of the family business of Rothschild. Although Paris Orléans is listed on the exchange, the family retains control of the firm.[28][29] After the merger of the banking activities, Paris Orléans SCA became the sole owner Concordia BV, which controls Rothschilds Continuation Holdings AG, which controls the Rothschild Group's banking activities.[30] By 2011, the firm had merged operations and was unified.[31]

      Recent history[edit]

      Current Logo of Rothschild & Co (2015–)

      In 2007, Rothschild formed joint venture Jardine Rothschild Asia Capital with Jardine Strategic, specializing in growth capital investments.[32]

      In 2010, the firm appointed the first non-family member chief executive officer, Nigel Higgins.[33]

      In 2011, the firm rebranded from "N M Rothschild & Sons" to "Rothschild & Co."[34] The goal of this was to show "a new global positioning as the fulcrum of the Financial Market."[35]

      In 2015, the parent company Paris Orléans changed its name to Rothschild & Co to match the trade name of the business.[36]

      In 2017, Rothschild & Co acquired the family-controlled French private bank Martin Maurel.[37] This merger united the businesses of two European financial families. After the acquisition, Rothschild & Co became the leading private bank in France.[38]

      In 2018, Rothschild & Co sold its trust services division (responsible for the creation and administration of trust structures) to Richard Martin,[39] a long-time Rothschild executive for an undisclosed amount. This restructuring of Rothschild's Wealth Management practice allowed the firm to focus more on its private banking activities from the recent purchase and integration of Rothschild Martin Maurel.[37]

      In 2019, the firm acquired a stake in Redburn,[40] a global financial services firm that provides research in various coverage sectors and brokerage execution services for traditional and algorithmic sales and trading.[41]

      Operations[edit]

      Rothschild & Co has three primary businesses: Global Advisory (Investment Banking Division), Wealth and Asset Management, and Merchant Banking.

      Global Advisory (Investment Banking Division)[edit]

      The banking business is structured as follows:[42]

      • M&A and Strategic Advisory
      • Debt Advisory and Restructuring
      • Equity Advisory and Capital Markets

      Rothschild & Co is consistently in the top 10 global investment banks for mergers and acquisitions (M&A) advisory by Thompson Reuters by both number and size of deals.[43] In 2018, as with previous years, the firm ranked 1st globally and 1st in Europe by number of completed M&A transactions.[44]

      Wealth and Asset Management[edit]

      Rothschild & Co's wealth management practice stems on wealth preservation through generations, just as the Rothschild family has done for over two centuries. The words of one of Mayer Amschel Rothschild's sons and founder of Rothschild & Co still illustrate the service provided to clients:

      "It takes a great deal of boldness and a great deal of caution to make a great fortune; and when you have got it, it requires ten times as much wit to keep it" –Nathan Mayer Rothschild[45]

      Merchant Banking[edit]

      Merchant banking is the investment arm of Rothschild & Co, deploying the firm's capital alongside private and institutional investors. The portfolio is in excess of €8 billion.[46]

      Vineyards[edit]

      Historically, the Rothschild family has owned many Bordeaux vineyards since 1868. Les Domaines Barons de Rothschild (Lafite) and Champagne Barons de Rothschild are some of the wineries owned in part by Rothschild & Co.[47][48]

      Corporate culture[edit]

      Rothschild & Co has a unique culture in part due to its more than two-century history and the firm still remaining under family control.[49] The firm's new analyst education program, for instance, lasts nearly two months in London.[50]

      New Court headquarters[edit]

      Main article: New Court

      Rothschild & Co's headquarters in London have been continuously located at New Court, St. Swithin's Lane, London for over two centuries. After acquiring the lease in 1809,[51] the firm continued to grow. In 1865, a new building designed by Thomas Marsh Nelson in the Italian "palazzo" style was created at the same site.[52] This building served as the headquarters for Rothschild through both world wars. In 1962, the firm demolished and rebuilt its New Court headquarters for a third time as the suggestion of Evelyn Robert de Rothschild.[53] In 2005, the firm decided to create a fourth iteration of the building that opens up views of St Stephen Walbrook church from its lobby, and views of the London skyline from a roof-top "sky pavilion" designed by Rem Koolhaas and his Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA).[54][55]

      Controversies and legal issues[edit]

      Jürg Heer scandal[edit]

      Dr. Jürg Heer worked for Rothschild Bank AG (since October 2018 Rothschild & Co. Bank AG) in Zurich for more than twenty years, the last nine as its credit manager. He was dismissed in June 1992. Heer was accused of taking kick-backs of more than US$20 million in exchange for making unsecured and unapproved loans to the German and Canadian real estate magnate Karsten von Wersebe resulting in a loss of US$155 million to the bank. In 1998, in the district court of Zurich, Heer confessed that he embezzled about US$33 million from Rothschild Bank AG between 1986 and 1992.[56][57] The Rothschild family committed CHF 150 million to supporting its bank in recovering from one of the then largest financial frauds in Switzerland.[58]

      NM Rothschild & Sons Ltd vs. Rothschild & Co (UK) Ltd[edit]

      On 27 January 2009 NM Rothschild & Sons Ltd filed under s.69(1)(b) of the UK Companies Act 2006 for a change of name of the respondent company, Rothschild & Co (UK) Ltd, which had been registered since 31 October 2008. The Company Names Tribunal found for the applicant and ordered the respondent to change its name or else have its name changed by the adjudicator, as well as to pay the applicant's costs.[59]

      Von Schönau-Riedweg vs. Rothschild Bank AG & others (2012–present)[edit]

      On 20 December 2012 Rothschild Bank AG brought suit against its client Corinna von Schönau-Riedweg in Switzerland, seeking a declaration that the bank had no liability with respect to the private equity transactions recommended by Rothschild Bank's former employee Wilfrid von Plotho.[60] As a reaction to this suit von Schönau brought suit in the Superior Court in Boston/USA against Rothschild Bank AG, Rothschild Trust (Schweiz) AG, Wilfrid von Plotho and others. In December 2014 a separate and final judgment over US$15 million against von Plotho and his Panamanian offshore company ARA Management was entered in force; neither von Plotho nor ARA Management appealed from that judgment.[60] In June 2019 the Appeals Court of Massachusetts (Boston) decided that von Schönau's suit against Rothschild Bank should be revived, as she had made a showing that Wilfrid von Plotho, she claims caused her millions of dollars to lose, was Rothschild Bank's agent in Switzerland as well as in the USA.[61]

      Penalty of USD 11,510,000: Non-Prosecution Agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice (2013-2015)[edit]

      According to the Non-Prosecution Agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice (Tax Division) of June 2015 Rothschild Bank (now Rothschild & Co. Bank AG) admitted that it had 66 U.S.-related accounts held by entities created in Panama, Liechtenstein, British Virgin Islands or other foreign countries with U.S. beneficial owners. Knowing it was highly probable that the U.S. clients were engaging in schemes to avoid U.S. taxes, Rothschild Bank permitted the accounts to trade in U.S. securities without reporting account earnings, or transmitting any withholding taxes, to the IRS.[62] Of the U.S. related accounts with an aggregate maximum balance of approximately US$836 million hat U.S. beneficial owners, representing approx. 5% of the aggregate maximum balance of Rothschild Bank's total assets under management during the period in question.[63] In recognition of its illegal conduct Rothschild Bank agreed to pay US$11,510,000 as a penalty to the U.S. Department of Justice without having to admit any guilt in the matter.[64][65]

      1MDB Malaysian sovereign wealth fund scandal (2015–present)[edit]

      Main article: 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal

      Rothschild Bank AG (since October 2018 renamed Rothschild & Co. Bank AG), a subsidiary of Rothschild & Co,[66] broke anti-money-laundering rules in 1MDB case according to Swiss prosecutiors.[67] In July 2018 the Swiss Financial Market Authority (FINMA) concluded final 1MDB proceedings, in which Rothschild Bank AG and its subsidiary Rothschild Trust (Schweiz) AG have been found to be in serious breach of money laundering rules in the context of 1 MDB. The FINMA appointed an audit agent to review enhancements already put in place by Rothschild Bank. FINMA stated, that Rothschild Bank and Rothschild Trust were found to be in "breach of due diligence, reporting and documentation requirements […]. Although there were early indications that this client could be involved in money laundering activities, the institutions decided nevertheless to enter into the relationship and at a later stage considerably expand it."[68] The 1MDB fraud saw billions of dollars siphoned off from the sovereign wealth fund into the pockets of corrupt officials.[69][70]

      Dispute between Rothschild & Co and Edmond de Rothschild Group[edit]

      After Paris Orleans was renamed to Rothschild & Co, the Edmond de Rothschild Group disputed the use of the family name for branding purposes. Until their settlement, Rothschild & Co and the Edmond de Rothschild Group were cross-shareholders in each other's business, further complicating the matter. In 2018 the two sides of the family resolved the dispute.[71]

      Notable current and former employees[edit]

      Many notable people, including heads of state, CEOs, and billionaires have been involved with the firm. This partial list excludes the many notable members of the Rothschild family who have worked at the family firm. [72]

      Business[edit]

      Politics and public service[edit]

      Armed forces[edit]

      See also[edit]

      References[edit]

      1. ^ abcd"Rothschild & Co". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
      2. ^official website: "Supervisory Board"
      3. ^official website: "Leadership Alexandre de Rothschild Profile"
      4. ^ abcdef"Full year 2020 results"(PDF). Rothschild & Co. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
      5. ^"Exhibitions ‹ Rothschild Timeline :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      6. ^"No. 51578". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1988. p. 2.
      7. ^Gray, Victor; Aspey, Melanie (May 2006) [2004]. "Rothschild, Nathan Mayer (1777–1836)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24162. Retrieved 21 May 2007. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
      8. ^"Brief history of the London house, N M Rothschild & Sons". Rothschild Archive. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
      9. ^ abFerguson, Niall (1999). The House of Rothschild: The World's Banker, 1849–1999. Viking. p. 479. ISBN .
      10. ^"N M Rothschild & Sons, the UK-based investment bank founded in 1811 known as Rothschild". www.truedemocracy.net. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      11. ^Rothschild and Freshfields founders had links to slavery, papers reveal Financial Times, 26 June 2009
      12. ^Rothschilds gained less from slavery than from financing its abolition Financial Times, 30 June 2009
      13. ^"Slavery Abolition Act of 1833"(PDF). HM Government. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
      14. ^"Cultivating good habits"(PDF). Quarterly Letter. London: Rothschild Private Wealth. p. 5. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
      15. ^Cross, William. "Baron Alfred Charles de Rothschild". Retrieved 11 February 2018.
      16. ^Kynaston, David (1995). The City Of London Volume 1: A World of its Own 1815–1890. Pimlico. ISBN .
      17. ^"BrokerCheck – Find a broker, investment or financial advisor". brokercheck.finra.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      18. ^"How Rothschild Inc. Saved Donald Trump". Philosophy of Metrics. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
      19. ^"Rothschild & Co Names Homer Parkhill and Stephen Antinelli as Co-Heads of Restructuring in North America". PR Newswire. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
      20. ^"Paris Orléans Annual report 2009/2010"(PDF). Paris-orleans.com. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
      21. ^"Rothschild to leave gold market". BBC. 15 April 2004. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
      22. ^Chen, Zhenhua; Haynes, Kingsley (2015). Chinese Railways un the Era of High Speed. Emerald Publishing. p. 179. ISBN .
      23. ^"History". Domaines Barons de Rothschild. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      24. ^RPT-French banker Guy de Rothschild dies aged 98 Reuters, Thu 14 June 2007 12:26 pm EDT
      25. ^Ibrahim, Youssef M. (27 October 1996). "Restoring The House of Rothschild". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      26. ^Lewis, Paul (14 June 2007). "Baron Guy de Rothschild, Leader of French Arm of Bank Dynasty, Dies at 98". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      27. ^Baron Guy de Rothschild, Leader of French Arm of Bank Dynasty, Dies at 98 The New York Times, Thu 14 June 2007
      28. ^"Banking activities organisation chart of Rothschild". Paris-orleans.com.
      29. ^"Paris Orléans Annual report 2007/2008"(PDF). Paris-orleans.com. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
      30. ^"Rothschild family realigns London and Paris bank operations". The Independent. 8 July 2003. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
      31. ^Wilson, Harry (5 April 2012). "Rothschilds to merge British and French banking operations to secure control". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      32. ^"Jardines – 2000 – 2009". Jardines.com. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
      33. ^"Rothschild to appoint first non-family chief". Financial Times. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
      34. ^Armitstead, Louise (4 February 2011). "Rothschild rebrand drops investment banking after 200 years". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      35. ^OnionEye. "Branding for Rothschild Banking – MICHAEL WINTER CREATIVE". Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      36. ^Broom, Giles (24 September 2015). "Battle of the Rothschilds in Paris as Name Grab Sparks Complaint". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      37. ^ abBray, Chad (6 June 2016). "Rothschild & Company to Acquire Compagnie Financière Martin Maurel". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      38. ^Valentini, Fabio (6 June 2016). "Rothschild & Co. Buying Martin Maurel to Expand in France". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      39. ^"Rothschild to sell trust services business". Reuters. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      40. ^"Rothschild buys minority stake in equity research firm Redburn". Reuters. 17 July 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
      41. ^"About Redburn". Redburn. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
      42. ^"Global Advisory – Rothschild & Co". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      43. ^"Thomson Reuters 2011 League TableArchived 2011-04-09 at the Wayback Machine
      44. ^"Rothschild & Co: 2018 – Availability of the 2018 Annual Report". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      45. ^"Quotes". Forbes. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      46. ^"Merchant Banking – Rothschild & Co". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      47. ^"Rothschild & Co – Champagne Barons De Rothschild". Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      48. ^"The Paris banking house Guide to the Archive". guide-to-the-archive.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      49. ^Grant, James. "Why Rothschild is good for graduates". Weavee. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      50. ^"Rothschild & Co – Careers: Career development". www.rothschildandco.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      51. ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      52. ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      53. ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      54. ^"The Business ‹ Business premises :: The Rothschild Archive". www.rothschildarchive.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      55. ^"New Court Rothschild Bank". OMA. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      56. ^"Fall guy or wise guy? Swiss private banker Juerg Heer". www.nypress.com. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      57. ^"Pleiten: Im Nirwana". Spiegel Online. 9. 27 February 1995. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      58. ^"Rothschilds prop up Zurich bank". The Independent. 23 September 1992. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      59. ^NM Rothschild & Sons Ltd -v- Rothschild & Co (UK) Ltd Retrieved 20 September 2014
      60. ^ ab"Von Schönau-Riedweg v. Rothschild Bank , No. 17-P-787 Casetext". casetext.com. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      61. ^Sabrosky, C W (1970). "The case of Papilio aglaja Linnaeus. Z.N.(S.)1791". The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 27: 69. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.29400. ISSN 0007-5167.
      62. ^https://www.justice.gov/opa/file/451891/download
      63. ^https://www.justice.gov/opa/file/451891/download
      64. ^Wood, Robert W. "Rothschild Bank Enters Deferred Prosecution Agreement, Triggering More IRS Disclosures". Forbes. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      65. ^"Re Rothschild Bank". US Department of Justice. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
      66. ^"Swiss regulator: Rothschild Bank AG broke anti-moneylaundering..."Reuters. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      67. ^"Swiss regulator: Rothschild Bank AG broke anti-moneylaundering..."Reuters. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
      68. ^FINMA, Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht. "FINMA concludes final 1MDB proceedings". Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht FINMA. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      69. ^swissinfo.ch, S. W. I.; Corporation, a branch of the Swiss Broadcasting. "Rothschild bank sanctioned for role in 1MDB scandal". SWI swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      70. ^"Rothschild Bank: Vorschriften gegen Geldwäscherei missachtet". finews.ch (in German). 20 July 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
      71. ^Kostov, Nick (29 June 2018). "Rothschilds End Family Feud Over Use of Name in Banking". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
      72. ^"Versicherungsmakler Kassel". halili.de (in German). Retrieved 30 January 2021.

      Further reading[edit]

      External links[edit]

      Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rothschild_%26_Co
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    1. 2)sir I'm 2017 passedout candidate...I don't think I'll get CC from their now...so plz tell me from where to get these cc.

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