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How the Flu Is Treated
Most healthy people will only need home remedies or over-the-counter medications to treat flu symptoms, which generally last between three and seven days (although coughing can last much longer). Still, it's worth speaking with your healthcare provider to see if a prescription for an antiviral medication may be advised to help prevent complications—especially if you are in a high-risk group.
Knowing what to do when you have the flu cannot only get you on the road to feeling better sooner, but it can help protect those around you from also becoming infected with the influenza virus.
Those at high-risk for flu complications include:
- Adults age account vs routing number on check and over
- Children under age 5 (especially under age 2)
- Children with neurological conditions
- Pregnant women
- Those with asthma, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, chronic lung disease, liver disorders, kidney disorders, HIV/AIDS, or blood disorders.
Home Remedies and Lifestyle
If you develop flu symptoms while at work, school, a friend's house, or in any public place, go home. Until you have not had a fever for more than 24 hours (without using a fever-reducing medication), stay there and away from anyone unless they are providing you medical care.
Unless you have signs of a medical emergency, you do not need to go to the emergency room when you have the flu. If you must go out, wear a face mask to protect others.
Contact your healthcare provider within the first 48 hours of developing flu symptoms. This will give you a chance to discuss your symptoms and determine if you are in a high-risk group and should start prescription treatment.
Resting is needed when you have influenza. You should also avoid smoking and secondhand smoke, as this may make your symptoms worse.
Water and clear liquids are recommended for those who have influenza. This will help prevent dehydration. You should, however, avoid alcoholic beverages when you have the flu.
For sore throat, a warm saltwater gargle or lozenges may help provide relief.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Medications
Over-the-counter medications can relieve some of the symptoms of influenza, but they will not cure it or shorten its course.
For fever, body aches, sore throat, or headache, you can use Tylenol (acetaminophen) or Advil (ibuprofen). Do not use aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), which is especially to be avoided by children and teenagers as it can lead to Reye's syndrome, which is a serious complication.
Influenza often produces a runny nose, congestion, and cough. Many OTC products are formulated to relieve these symptoms. They include:
- Antihistamines for a runny nose, which include Benadryl (diphenhydramine), Claritan (loratadine), Allegra (fexofenadine), Zyrtec (cetirizine), and Xyzal (levocetirizine)
- Decongestants for a stuffed-up nose or chest, which include Sudafed (pseudoephedrine) and phenylephrine
- Expectorants to help loosen mucus, which include guaifenesin, found in products such as Robitussin, Mucinex, and multi-symptom formulas
- Cough suppressants should only be used if coughing is too painful to tolerate. They include dextromethorphan, which should not be given to children under age 4 (consult your healthcare provider for a child age 4 to 11).
Antihistamines or decongestants can also be used to help relieve a persistent cough.
Children may also have vomiting and diarrhea with influenza but should avoid products like Pepto-Bismol that contain aspirin-like salicylates. Likewise, over-the-counter cough and cold medications are not recommended for children under age 4 unless directed by your healthcare provider.
Only take medications that treat the symptoms you have. Taking a multi-symptom medication that treats symptoms you don't have is not only a waste, but it can cause unnecessary side effects and may sometimes be dangerous. Likewise, avoid taking multiple medications that may contain the same or similar ingredients because this can lead to an overdose.
One common ingredient that you want to watch for specifically is Tylenol (acetaminophen), which is included in many multi-symptom cold and flu medications. You may not realize you are taking more than a safe dose, which is no more than 4 grams (g) per day for most people and a maximum of 2 g per day for those with liver problems. Taking too much acetaminophen can be life-threatening and lead to liver failure.
Most healthy people will not need a prescription when they get influenza, but your healthcare provider is the best judge as to whether one is recommended given your health history, age, and other factors.
Consulting your healthcare provider as soon as you have flu symptoms gives you a chance to get a prescription antiviral medication if it would benefit you. Antiviral medications should be started within the first 48 hours of the onset of flu symptoms to be the most effective.
Antiviral medications ubank customer service hours different from antibiotics, and they specifically work against the influenza virus to shorten the course of illness, make it milder, and prevent complications. The FDA-approved first citizens bank retirement login medications for influenza are:
- Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate): Available as a pill or liquid suspension and can be given to anyone age 14 days or older
- Relenza (zanamivir): A powder administered with an inhaler for those ages 7 years and older; not recommended for those with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Rapivab (peramivir): An intravenous medication
- Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil): A pill for those ages 12 and older, but not recommended for those who are pregnant, breastfeeding, hospitalized, or have a complicated illness
Should You Use Antiviral Medications for the Flu?
If you or your child are experiencing difficulty breathing, chest pain, confusion, sudden dizziness or severe lethargy, you should seek immediate medical attention. average american savings 2020 Even if you're not in a high-risk group, if you develop symptoms of a common flu complication such as bronchitis or pneumonia, contact your healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for you.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health notes that no complementary health approach has been shown to be helpful for treating influenza (making it milder or shortening its course).
For relief of symptoms, using a neti pot or other method of saline nasal irrigation may help with congestion. Be sure to use distilled, sterile, or previously-boiled water to make the saline solution.
Honey may help relieve nighttime cough in children. However, it should never be given to children under age 1 due to the risk of botulism.
A Word From Verywell
Knowing what to do when you get the flu may not make having it any easier, but it will ensure that you follow the steps you need to get on the road to recovery as quickly as possible. Most schools have policies that require students to stay home for at least 24 hours after a fever has subsided without the use of fever-reducing medications.
Although it may not be a set rule for a workplace, it's a good guideline to follow for adults as well: Just because your fever is gone for a few hours doesn't mean you are better and healthy enough to be at work. Give yourself time to recover.
Frequently Asked Questions
There are four influenza antivirals approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA):
- Rapivab (peramivir), given intravenously
- Relenza (zanamivir), inhaled into a nostril
- Tamiflu (oseltamivir), taken by mouth
- Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil), taken by mouth
The efficacy can vary based on the choice of antiviral, the flu strain, when treatment is started, and other factors. When used appropriately, antivirals are between 60% and 90% effective in reducing the duration of flu by one to two days. The drugs cannot fully avert an infection but, in some cases, may help reduce the severity of illness.
Flu is treated much the same way in children as it is in adults. However, children should only be treated with pediatric formulations. Aspirin should never be used in either children or teens with flu as it can cause a potentially deadly condition known as Reye’s syndrome.
According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, no complementary or alternative therapy has proven effective in treating flu symptoms or altering the course of the infection in any way.
Call 911 or seek emergency care if flu is causing severe symptoms such as:
- Difficulty breathing
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
- Persistent dizziness or confusion
- Inability to urinate
- Changes in consciousness
- Severe weakness
- Severe muscle pain
- Fever or cough that improves but then worsens
- Worsening of a chronic medical condition
Thanks for your feedback!
Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Flu symptoms and complications. Updated September 18, 2019.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. People at high risk for flu complications. Updated August 27, 2018.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Flu: what to do if you get sick. Updated January 25, 2021.
National Institute on Aging. All about the flu and how to prevent it. Updated September 29, 2017.
MedlinePlus. Flu. Updated June 28, 2018.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Caring for someone sick. Updated January 6, 2020.
MedlinePlus. Dextromethorphan. Updated February 15, 2018.
MedlinePlus. How to treat the common cold at home. Updated October 8, 2018.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. What are over-the-counter medicines? Updated December 2017.
Yoon E, Babar A, Choudhary M, Kutner M, Pyrsopoulos N. Acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity: a comprehensive update. J Clin Transl Hepatol. 2016;4(2):131–142. doi:10.14218/JCTH.2015.00052
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Flu and colds: in depth. Updated November 2016.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Is rinsing your sinuses with neti pots safe? Updated January 24, 2017.
Oduwole O, Udoh EE, Oyo-Ita A, Meremikwu MM. Honey for acute cough in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;4(4):CD007094. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007094.pub5
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidance for school administrators to help reduce the spread of seasonal influenza in K-12 schools. Updated July 31, 2018.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Influenza antiviral medications: summary for clinicians. Updated May 6, 2021.
Lenhert R, Pletz M, Reuss A, Schaberg T. Antiviral medications in seasonal and pandemic influenza. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2016 Nov;113(47):799-807. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2016.0799
Goldman RD. Treating cough and cold: guidance for caregivers of children and youth. Paediatr Child Health. 2011 Nov;16(9):546-66. doi:10.1093/pch/16.9.564
Colds in pregnancy
Colds are one of the most common health conditions, with the average adult experiencing 2-4 snuffly nasties a year. A cold is essentially a mild viral infection of your nose, throat, sinuses and upper airways, according to the NHS.
When you’re pregnant, your immune system is lowered because it’s putting all of its energy into protecting your growing baby. So just when you least wanted one, you’re more likely to catch a cold.
What are the symptoms of a cold?
- Blocked nose
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
Tell me more about coughs in pregnancy
You may also experience a high temperature, headaches and muscle pain, but these symptoms are less common.
What medicine can you take for a cold during pregnancy?
The frustrating thing about catching a cold when you’re pregnant is that you can’t necessarily treat it with your usual medicines or remedies – these may be harmful for your baby.
“It’s ethically wrong to test most medicines on pregnant women and babies, so because we really don’t know the problems they could cause it’s best to avoid them,” says Lorraine Berry, registered midwife and Natal Home remedies for flu pregnant, from Birth Affinity.
In your first trimester
Midwife Lorraine says that in the first three months of pregnancy, you should avoid taking any medicines. After 12 weeks, some medicines can be taken – but always ask your doctor before you do so.
You can safely take some painkillers, but not others:
Safe to take
Unsafe for your baby
Mums hold different views on which of the allowed painkillers they feel comfortable to take. You may change your mind, like this MFMer: “I took nothing when pregnant the first time, with Jack. I had all sorts of bugs, infections and colds – and suffered. This time I’ve had paracetamol when I’ve needed it.” x.Laura.
If you have a high temperature, it’s wise to bring it down using paracetamol. A high temperature for a prolonged period of time may affect your unborn baby.
Are there any natural remedies?
“If you have a cold during pregnancy, it’s your body’s way of saying slow down and rest, so take as much time out as you can,” advises former NHS midwife and current independent midwife, Karina Dyer, from Infant Affinity.
Try the following natural remedies to help treat your cold:
- If your nose is congested, try saline nose drops, which will dry up some of the secretion, helping you to breathe easier and keep your airways moist
- Try simple linctus (a syrup made for glycerine and a tad of sugar) and make your own honey and lemon drink if you have a sore throat or a cough
- Try steam inhalation to unblock your airways. Get a bowl of hot water and place your head over it, with a towel over your head and breathe in and out deeply
- Keep hydrated by drinking lots of fluids, especially orange juice for vitamin C
- If you can’t sleep because you’re all bunged up, try and raise the head of your bed, by adding extra pillows so you’re sleeping propped up
You can home remedies for flu pregnant simple throat lozenges, but NOT medicated ones (avoid Strepsils) “There really isn’t enough information on decongestant products like Vics, Olbas Oil and menthol, so it’s best to avoid them, particularly before 12 weeks. If you do need to use it, use it sparingly with a couple of drops on a hanky that you whiff every now and again,” explains Lorraine. “Lots of women get nasal congestion during pregnancy because of pregnancy hormones. Regardless of whether you have a cold or not, you may estimate total mortgage payment stuffed up,” she says. You should see your doctor if:
What about decongestants?
When should you see your doctor about a cold?
“There really isn’t enough information on decongestant products like Vics, Olbas Oil and menthol, so it’s best to avoid them, particularly before 12 weeks. If you do need to use it, use it sparingly with a couple of drops on a hanky that you whiff every now and again,” explains Lorraine.
“Lots of women get nasal congestion during pregnancy because of pregnancy hormones. Regardless of whether you have a cold or not, you may estimate total mortgage payment stuffed up,” she says.
You should see your doctor if:
Remember that you get free prescriptions when you’re home remedies for flu pregnant about when a cold turns into the flu?
When pregnant, you’re more at risk from H1N1 flu, most commonly known as swine flu, because of your lowered immune system.
The symptoms of H1N1 flu include:
- Unusual tiredness
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Shortness of breath
- Loss of appetite
- Aching muscles
- Diarrhoea or vomiting
Most of these symptoms are the same as when you have a common cold, but the difference is that a common cold will clear up within a week. If you think you have swine flu symptoms, call your doctor for an assessment.
Have a flu jab
It’s advised that you have the seasonal flu jab, whatever stage of pregnancy you’re at and regardless of whether you’re in a high-risk group or not. It’s important to be well prepared against the H1N1 (swine flu) virus as the symptoms can develop into complications, such as pneumonia, which has a small chance of leading to premature labour or miscarriage, according to the NHS.
Can you prevent colds?
No, but you can try by keeping a strict good hygiene routine and encouraging others around you to follow it.
- Wash your hands regularly with hot water and soap
- Use antibacterial hand sanitizers when out and about
Also remember to:
- Include plenty of vitamin C-loaded fruit and veg in your diet. Tell me about pregnancy must-eats
- Help your immune system work efficiently by exercising regularly, avoiding smoking and getting enough rest
What MFMers say about colds in pregnancy
“I’m 24 weeks pregnant and trying my hardest not to catch another cold after two in a row in late Autumn. But it seems that now the kids are back at school that they’ve all brought germs home” yourjumbly
“We’re actually cold free for the first time in months – touch wood – except me. I think I’ve had one this whole pregnancy.” theoldwomanwholivesinashoe
Pregnancy and the flu
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF FLU DURING PREGNANCY?
Flu symptoms are the same for everyone and include:
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Fever of 100°F (37.8°C) or higher
Other symptoms may include:
- Body aches
- Vomiting, and diarrhea
SHOULD I GET THE FLU VACCINE IF I AM PREGNANT?
If you are pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, you should get the flu vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considers pregnant women at a higher risk for getting the flu and developing flu-related complications.
Pregnant women who get the flu vaccine get sick less often. Getting a mild case of the flu is often not harmful. However, the flu vaccine can prevent the severe cases of the flu that can harm mother and baby.
Flu vaccines are available at most provider offices and health clinics. There are two types of flu vaccines: the flu shot and a nose-spray vaccine.
- The flu shot is recommended for pregnant women. It contains killed (inactive) viruses. You cannot get the flu from this vaccine.
- The nasal spray-type flu vaccine is not approved for pregnant women.
It is OK for a pregnant woman to be around somebody who has received the nasal flu vaccine.
WILL THE VACCINE HARM MY BABY?
A small amount of mercury (called thimerosal) is a common preservative in home remedies for flu pregnant vaccines. Despite some concerns, vaccines that contain this substance have NOT been shown to cause autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
If you have concerns about mercury, ask your provider about a preservative-free vaccine. All routine vaccines are also available without added thimerosal. The CDC says pregnant women may get flu vaccines either with or without thimerosal.
WHAT ABOUT SIDE EFFECTS OF THE VACCINE?
Common side effects of the flu vaccine are mild, but can include:
- Redness or tenderness where the shot was given
- Muscle aches
- Nausea and vomiting
If side effects occur, they most often begin soon after the shot. They may last as long as 1 to 2 days. If they last longer than 2 days, you should call your provider.
HOW DO I TREAT THE FLU IF I'M PREGNANT?
Experts recommend treating pregnant women with flu-like illness as soon as possible after they develop symptoms.
- Testing is not needed for most people. Providers should not wait for results of testing before treating pregnant women. Rapid tests are often available in urgent care clinics and provider's offices.
- It is best to start antiviral medicines within the first 48 hours of developing symptoms, but antivirals can also be used after this time period. A 75 mg capsule of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) twice per day for 5 days is the recommended first choice antiviral.
WILL ANTIVIRAL MEDICINES HARM MY BABY?
You may be worried about the medicines harming your baby. However, it is important to realize there are severe risks if you do not get treatment:
- In past flu outbreaks, pregnant women who were otherwise healthy were more likely than those who were not pregnant to become very sick or even die.
- This does not mean that all pregnant women will have a severe infection, but it is hard to predict who will become very ill. Women who become more ill with the flu will have mild symptoms at first.
- Pregnant women can become very sick very fast, even if the symptoms are not bad at first.
- Women who develop a high fever or pneumonia are at higher risk for early labor or delivery and other harm.
DO I NEED AN ANTIVIRAL DRUG IF I HAVE BEEN AROUND SOMEONE WITH THE FLU?
You are more likely to get the flu if you have close contact with someone who already has it.
Close contact means:
- Eating or drinking with the same utensils
- Caring for children who are sick with the flu
- Being near the droplets or secretions from someone who sneezes, coughs, or has a runny nose
If you have been around someone who has the flu, ask your provider if you need an antiviral drug.
WHAT TYPES OF COLD MEDICINE CAN I TAKE FOR THE FLU IF I'M PREGNANT?
Many cold medicines contain more than one type of medicine. Some may be safer than others, but none are proven 100% safe. It is best to avoid cold medicines, if possible, home remedies for flu pregnant during the first 3 to 4 months of pregnancy.
The best self-care steps for taking care of yourself when you have the flu include rest and drinking plenty of liquids, especially water. Tylenol is most often safe in standard doses to relieve pain or discomfort. It is best to talk to your provider before taking any cold medicines while you are pregnant.
WHAT ELSE CAN I DO TO PROTECT MYSELF AND MY BABY FROM THE FLU?
There are many things you can do to help protect yourself and your unborn child from the flu.
- You should avoid sharing food, utensils, or cups with others.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and throat.
- Wash your hands often, using soap and warm water.
Carry hand sanitizer with you, and use it when you are unable to wash with soap and water.
Gastroenteritis, commonly known as stomach flu, is an inflammation of the intestinal lining that’s often caused by bacterial or viral infection. As pregnancy weakens the immune system, women are more vulnerable to infections and other diseases during this phase.
Causes Of Stomach Flu During Pregnancy:
Stomach flu are most often caused by bacteria like salmonella, listeria, and viruses which attack the gastrointestinal system. The illness is contracted from contaminated water or from food that is made under unhygienic conditions or not cooked properly.
How Do You Identify Stomach Flu?
Stomach flu can be harder to identify during the early stages of pregnancy when most women suffer from morning sickness. However, if vomiting and nausea are accompanied by a lack of appetite, cramps, fever or diarrhea, you may be suffering from stomach flu. Moreover, stomach flu will last only for a few days, while morning sickness remains until the second trimester.
Symptoms Of A Stomach Flu:
In order to make sure that it is not morning sickness but stomach flu, you should look for a few more signs that show up in the first two days.
The Possible Symptoms To Watch For Include:
- Severe diarrhea or loose, watery stools
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- Sudden low-grade fever
- Muscle aches
These symptoms seem mild initially, but if they do not subside even after two home remedies for flu pregnant, you should check with a healthcare provider. It helps to treat the condition effectively. Dehydration can be very serious during pregnancy whether caused by morning sickness or infection. No matter the cause, it’s important to see a doctor if your symptoms are severe.
How To Deal With Stomach Bug During Pregnancy?
If you are just beginning to feel the early symptoms, you can help yourself with a little care and effort. Here are some ways you can take care of yourself at home:
- Drink enough fluids:
Fluids are very important when you are suffering from stomach flu. Your body loses fluids through sweat, vomiting, and diarrhea. You are at a risk of dehydration, especially if you are suffering from frequent urination or passing dark-colored urine. The lack of fluids causes reduction in the volume of blood, which then compromises oxygen and nutrition supply to the growing fetus.
Symptoms like constant thirst, dry mouth, dark colored urine, urine inconsistency, lack of urine, fatigue or dizziness indicate dehydration.
What to drink: Drink plenty of water, clear broth, warm water with lemon (relieves gas), decaffeinated tea or diluted juice (white grape juice is easy on tummy). Grape water, vegetable broth, creamy soups, ginger ale, curd, yogurt, buttermilk and coconut home remedies for flu pregnant are good options. You can also prefer popsicles or ice chips if you cannot sip through liquids. You can add a dash of ginger to your juices or snacks as it helps in combating infection.
What not to drink: Caffeinated drinks such as strong black tea, coffee, and home remedies for flu pregnant should be avoided. Stay away from alcohol as it is a diuretic and can aggravate your stomach flu. Stay away from outside food and junk food.
Sickness and diarrhea from stomach bugs can make you feel tired and weak as your body is working to nurture your baby. Therefore, it is very important to get as much rest as possible. Rest until you feel you have recovered completely.
- Eat proper food:
As the symptoms of stomach bug begin to clear, you can gradually introduce bland and semi-solid foods. They are easier to digest. Solid foods are difficult for you to digest. Do not force yourself to eat more as it can cause nausea.
The BRAT diet is the best option to ease the stomach issue. It consists of bananas, rice, applesauce and toast which contain a considerable amount of carbohydrates. They provide energy and replenish your body with the nutrients lost through diarrhea and vomiting.
Bananas: Ripe ones support digestion and replace the lost potassium.
Rice: White rice is easy to digest and gives energy. Do not take brown rice as it contains high fiber, which could be hard on the stomach.
Applesauce: Offers an energy boost through carbs and sugars present in it. It also contains pectin which eases diarrhea.
Toast: White bread is a good option and easy to digest. Whole wheat bread contains excess fiber which is again not good for digestive system.
What not to eat: Dairy, fibrous, spicy or fatty foods should be avoided.
Dairy: Everyone may not have a problem with milk or dairy products, but they are not easily digestible.
Fiber: Too much fiber can cause flatulence, bloating, loose stools and diarrhea.
Fatty foods: Do not include oily and salty foods. Also cut down spicy curries, chili sauces and tomato containing dishes.
Ginger is a natural digestion aid and an effective remedy for nausea. What restaurants are open near me today on thanksgiving will help relieve the symptoms of nausea. You can take ginger chews available at health food stores, or prefer homemade ginger tea. Here is how you can make brewed ginger tea:
You will need:
- Freshly grated ginger – 1 1/2 teaspoon
- Boiling water – 1 1/2 cup
How to make:
- Take a cup and put the grated ginger.
- Now fill it with one–and-a-half cup of boiling water.
- Let it remain for about ten minutes and then strain it.
If it tastes strong, you can add more boiling water to dilute the tea. Do not add any sweetener or sugar.
Peppermint also helps combat upset stomach, and it eases IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) symptoms. You can prepare peppermint tea in the same way as ginger tea.
Gastroenteritis kills good bacteria present in the digestive tract. Almost 75% of the immune system is present in the stomach, and therefore it is essential to replenish the system. You should take probiotics like yogurt and kefir, which contain the good bacteria. They help in boosting the immune system to combat diseases. You may continue to take them during the illness and also for at least two weeks later.
- Electrolyte drinks:
Ideally, your body system maintains a balance and contains ionic solutions known as electrolytes. They regulate the functioning of your body, nerves and muscles. When you are suffering from stomach flu, you lose many of these ionic solutions through diarrhea and vomiting. To regain the energy, stamina, and strength, you should replenish your body with the lost electrolytes. Here is one homemade electrolyte drink recipe that will help restore your energy.
You will need:
- Fresh orange juice – ½ cup
- Fresh lemon juice
- Filtered water – 2 cups
- Raw honey – 2 – 4 tbsp, for taste
- Unrefined salt – 1/8 tsp, for taste
How to make:
Mix all the above ingredients and blend them until smooth.
Water Vs Electrolyte Replacement Drinks: Which One Is Better?
This depends on how severe your symptoms are. The more severe your symptoms are, the higher is the loss of electrolytes. However, it is always advisable to seek your healthcare provider’s advice.
If you are having severe diarrhea and vomiting, you should wait at least for one to two hours before taking any liquids, even water, and electrolytes. Otherwise, your body will reject them automatically. Your stomach needs to heal by itself, and the spasms must end before you introduce any liquids. If you cannot take fluids without vomiting or having diarrhea, you need to see a doctor.
When Should You Call The Doctor?
Stomach flu usually subsides in two days. But you should check with your healthcare provider if:
- You are ill for more than 48 hours.
- Your temperature is about 101 degrees F or above.
- You experience severe dehydration along with having a dry mouth and passing dark urine.
- Lack of appetite and extreme fatigue.
- You are not able to keep food down for a considerable time.
- You cannot keep liquids down.
Can You Take Medication?
Pregnant women are restricted from taking medication it could harm the baby. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends against using any medications for viral gastroenteritis. Some natural remedies (like ginger, mint discussed above) that could treat morning sickness during pregnancy can also help with nausea and vomiting related to stomach bugs
Antidiarrheal medicines are strictly prescribed by doctors.
Note: All the medications, along with antacids, are to be consumed only after consulting your doctor. Refrain from taking an individual call and popping pills from over the counter.
How To Prevent Stomach Flu While You Are Pregnant?
The following tips will help you prevent stomach bug during pregnancy:
- Wash your hands properly after using the washroom or toilet.
- Wash or disinfect your hands when you’ve handled shopping carts at your local grocery store
- Avoid drinking impure water or eating uncooked foods.
- You should not cook any food when you are ill. But if you have no option, wash your hands thoroughly before cooking.
- You should keep a separate towel
- Keep away from those suffering from stomach flu. You are more vulnerable and exposure to others that are ill will increase your risk of catching their illness
- Have a healthy diet, consume plenty of water, and do frequent and moderate exercises.
Can Stomach Infections Hurt Your Baby?
Stomach flu is not a virus that would spread directly to your baby. As long as you are healthy, your body will activate many natural defenses that help protect your baby from harm.
Still, stomach flu can temporarily increase your risk of preterm labor, premature rupture of membranes, and miscarriage. The danger to your baby comes from dehydration and from the strong abdominal contractions that can accompany diarrhea. This is why it’s so important to seek medical help if you have a serious case of stomach flu.
Hope this article helped you with the effects, remedies and preventive measures. Consult your healthcare provider for the right diet and medication for stomach bug. If you have got any remedies for stomach flu, do not forget to share them with us in the comment section below.
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Natural remedies for the flu
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You don’t need medication, like painkillers or decongestants, to get over the flu.
Did you know that everyday ingredients in your kitchen may also help relieve flu symptoms?
Here are 8 natural flu remedies you can try.
Home remedies for flu
Your body uses zinc to produce white blood cells that protect your body from infection. Research suggests that zinc may reduce cold and flu symptoms.
It can be bought from most pharmacies in the form of tablets, lozenges, syrup or nasal spray. Taking too much zinc can cause unpleasant side effects like nausea or tummy pain, so always follow the recommended dose.
Foods that are high in zinc include lentils, nuts and seeds, chickpeas, eggs, red meat and shellfish. To increase your intake when you have the flu, add some lentils or chickpeas to a soup or stew.
Studies show that chicken soup can reduce inflammation and relieve some flu symptoms. It may also help to thin mucus and clear your nose and airways. Flu can affect your digestion, and soup is easier on your stomach than many solid foods. And as soup is high in fluids, it can also help to keep you hydrated. Vegetarian and vegan alternatives can be beneficial as well.
A salt water rinse
Gargling with warm salt water can clear mucus and soothe a sore throat. Here’s how to do a salt water rinse at home:
- Heat approximately 230ml of water until warm.
- Stir in half a teaspoon of salt.
- Hold the salt water at the back of your throat (try not to swallow any).
- Gargle for 10 to 30 seconds.
- Spit the water out.
- Repeat these steps 2 to 4 times.
Avoid giving salt water rinses to children until they’re able to safely gargle plain water.
A spoonful of honey
Honey has antiviral and antibacterial properties that may help you fight off a cold or flu. Sipping a warm cup of water with lemon and honey has a similar effect to cough medicines and can soothe a sore throat or cough.
Try this recipe:
- Squeeze half a lemon into a cup of warm (not hot) water.
- Stir in 1 to 2 teaspoons of honey.
- Drink when warm.
If you prefer, you can add honey to a cup of herbal tea.
Note: Don’t give honey to children younger than 1 year.
Vegetables like kale, spinach and broccoli can help your digestion as they are high in fibre. They also contain nutrients like vitamin C, iron and folic acid, which help to support your immune system.
Make vegetables a permanent part of your diet to get the best results. Have them in a stew or soup, or as a side dish.
You may not feel like eating when you have the flu, but it’s important to do so as you need food to get the vitamins and minerals your body needs.
Carbohydrates like brown rice or bread are easy to digest and don’t tend to trigger nausea. Eat them alongside soup or cooked vegetables to keep your stomach full. If you struggle to eat as much as usual, stick to smaller portions until you feel better.
Products with ginger
Ginger can help to relieve nausea. Add a little sliced or grated fresh ginger to a cup of hot water. Take care to sip atlantic bank and trust slowly, as drinking too fast can make nausea worse.
Crystalised ginger may also provide some relief. Anecdotal evidence suggests that it can improve morning sickness in some pregnant women and it may do the same for nausea caused by the flu. However, crystallised ginger is high in sugar, so it’s best eaten in moderation.
Inhaling warm steam can relieve chest tightness and soothe symptoms affecting your nose, sinuses and throat. It may free credit card number and cvv with money help to ease swelling in your lungs. You can try steam inhalation at home by heating water over the stove, in the microwave (using a microwave-safe dish) or in a vaporiser.
Don’t let the water boil, and always test the steam’s temperature before inhaling it.
Flu remedy myths
Many ‘remedies’ for flu can be found online, but few are scientifically proven to work, and some can do more harm than good. Here are some well-known flu remedies that may not be as effective as they are said to be.
Eating garlic - according to a recent review, there is no strong evidence that garlic is an effective way to treat the flu.
Feed a cold, starve a fever - it was once thought that eating would make a fever worse, but eating less at the start of an infection can be dangerous. Your body needs food to provide the energy it needs to recover.
Taking vitamin C - there’s no evidence that taking vitamin C can prevent colds or reduce symptoms. However, make sure you get enough vitamin C from your diet as your immune system needs it to function properly.
Taking echinacea - there’s not enough evidence to suggest that echinacea is an effective treatment for cold or flu.
If you'd like more tips on chemical bank open near me to manage the flu, this article on how to treat the flu at home will give you the guidance you need.
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- Last reviewed:
- 18 December 2019
- Next bank of america investment banking December 2022