what holiday is it today in us

CME Group observes 11 U.S.-recognized holidays. On these holidays, trading hours may vary depending on markets traded. Opening and closing times may be. Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices. Congressional Research Service. Summary. The United States has established by law the. A weather service, Currently, posted an article Tuesday suggesting that Americans who celebrate Thanksgiving are "hurting" the Native American.

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What holiday is it today in us -

When Is Columbus Day 2021 and Is It a Federal Holiday?

Columbus Day is a holiday marked on the second Monday of October every year. The day celebrates explorer Christopher Columbus' landing in the New World on October 12, 1492.

Early that morning, a sailor on board the Pinta spotted land. The following day, 90 crew members of Columbus' fleet of three ships arrived at the Caribbean island which he named San Salvador. San Salvador Island, also known as Watling Island, is part of the Bahamas.

Columbus' landing marked the end of a voyage that began around 10 weeks earlier in Palos, Spain and the launch of a new era of European exploration.

While Columbus sparked "the lasting encounter between Europeans and the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere," he was not the first to successfully cross the Atlantic, a U.S. Embassy website explains.

Viking sailors are believed to have established "a short-lived settlement" in Newfoundland, Canada sometime in the 11th century and scholars have also said there are other possible pre-Columbian landings, the website says.

Columbus Day is usually marked by festive parades in New York City, Denver and other cities across the country. These parades have been held for over 500 years since the three ships first arrived on the Caribbean island.

When Is Columbus Day in 2021?

Columbus Day is observed on October 11 in 2021, which is the second Monday of the month.

Is Columbus Day a Federal Holiday?

Yes, Columbus Day is a federal holiday. This means many government offices, as well banks and some private businesses, are closed on the day. If a federal holiday falls on a weekend, the government may observe it on a different day.

Schools typically stay open on Columbus Day but observances can differ by state, such as in Massachusetts, where schools are closed on the day, while in California, Columbus Day is not recognized as a school holiday.

When Was Columbus Day First Celebrated?

The first recorded celebration of Columbus Day in the U.S. was on October 12, 1792, which was organized by the Society of St. Tammany (also known as the Columbian Order). The day marked the 300th anniversary of Columbus' landing.

Its 400th anniversary celebration launched the first official Columbus Day holiday in the country, following a proclamation from former President Benjamin Harrison in 1892.

The proclamation recommended "the observance in all their localities of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America..." and described Columbus as "the pioneer of progress and enlightenment," the U.S. Library of Congress explains.

The World's Columbian Exposition or Chicago's World's Fair, which opened in the summer of 1893, was also aimed at celebrating Columbus' discovery of the New World 400 years earlier.

In the years that followed, an international Roman Catholic fraternal benefit society known as the Knights of Columbus pushed to have October 12 be declared a federal holiday. Columbus Day has been observed as a federal holiday since 1971.

Источник: https://www.newsweek.com/columbus-day-2021-date-federal-holiday-history-1635668

US marks Juneteenth after recognizing it as federal holiday

Days after Juneteenth was made a national holiday, communities across the US are coming together to celebrate 19 June 1865, the day when news of the Emancipation Proclamation reached Galveston, Texas, freeing slaves in the final Confederate state to have abolition.

Terrence Floyd, whose brother George Floyd was killed by Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin in May last year, unveiled a statute of his sibling during a Saturday morning Juneteenth rally in Brooklyn, New York.

The 6ft sculpture, by artist Chris Carnabuci, will be on display for two to three weeks, and then will be transferred to Union Square in Manhattan, according to Pix 11.

In Racine, Wisconsin, approximately 70 people marched from a marker showing the former site of the AP Dutton warehouse to a community center. Dutton hid runaway enslaved people in his warehouse, part of the Underground Railroad, before they traveled by ship to Canada.

Joshua Glover, who escaped slavery from Missouri in 1852, was captured two years after settling in Racine. When the city’s residents heard that Glover was captured, they traveled to the Milwaukee jail where he was held; abolitionists freed him from his cell “using pickaxes and large pieces of lumber”.

Glover was then brought onto the Underground Railroad and spent around three weeks in Racine County. Glover’s last stop on Racine County’s underground railroad was Dutton’s warehouse before he traveled to Canada, according to the Racine Heritage Museum.

Events in Atlanta on Saturday included a march beginning across from Ebenezer Baptist church, where Martin Luther King preached and led demonstrations for social and economic justice, equality in access to public services, and voting rights. Outside the church, crowds cheered on marching bands and dancers. As the dance performers dipped and spun, vehicles with Black Lives Matter signs trailed behind them, according to reports.

Andrea Johnson, who watched a parade proceed under the rainy skies, said: “This particular Juneteenth is special because last year we were in the George Floyd protests, and this year we received some resolution.”

“There are mixed feelings for me,” explained Jermaine Washington, a marching band director who resides in nearby Stone Mountain, Georgia.

“Oftentimes we see these types of events as a win when it’s just pacification for the Black community instead of making sure there’s an equal education or equitable housing.”

Atlanta and surrounding areas have been commemorating Juneteenth for years. Richard Rose, president of Atlanta’s NAACP chapter, said that Thursday’s declaration that Juneteenth is a federal holiday especially resonates in the southern city, often described as the “cradle of the civil rights movement”.

In Stone Mountain, 20 miles from north-east Atlanta, the village of 6,500 is holding its first Juneteenth celebration. The event is particularly poignant given the locale: Confederate figures are etched into the mountain, and this nine-storey carving is the largest tribute to the south’s pro-slavery legacy.

The Chicago “March For Us” event will proceed over a mile-long route in this city’s business section, known as the Loop. “We celebrate Independence Day, so we would be remiss if we don’t celebrate the day that people who were worth three-fifths of the person finally became free and started this journey towards equality,” march organizer Ashley Munson remarked.

“Juneteenth in Queens” is one of the commemorative events in New York City. This week-long festival features virtual panel discussions, and it’s scheduled to wrap on Saturday, with food trucks serving items such as jerk chicken and waffles, and barbecue.

There are also in-person performances at this event, which is led by New York state assembly member Alicia Hyndman, who sponsored legislation in 2020 that made Juneteenth a state holiday.

One event in Colorado will feature a flyover honoring the legacy of Bessie Coleman. In 1921, Coleman became the first African-American woman to obtain a pilot’s license.

“That’s what Juneteenth means to me, independence and freedom for African Americans because of what our ancestors struggled through,” said Deneen Smith, a 17-year-old Black high school student. Smith, an aspiring pilot, has found inspiration in Coleman’s story.

Some Juneteenth celebrations in the south have been postponed, however, as Tropical Storm Claudette brings heavy rain, flooding, and high winds to coastal Mississippi and Louisiana.

When Joe Biden signed into law the bill recognizing Juneteenth as a federal holiday known as “Juneteenth National Independence Day,” he said: “Great nations don’t ignore their most painful moments...Great nations don’t walk away. We come to terms with the mistakes we made. And remembering those moments, we begin to heal and grow stronger.”

Kamala Harris, the first Black woman to serve as vice-president, said at Thursday’s White House bill-signing ceremony: “We are gathered here in a house built by enslaved people. We are footsteps away from where President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.”

“And we are here to witness President Joe Biden establish Juneteenth as a national holiday. We have come far, and we have far to go, but today is a day of celebration,” Harris said.

On Saturday, Biden echoed his prior remarks. “Juneteenth marks both the long, hard night of slavery and subjugation – and the promise of that brighter morning to come. It’s a day of profound weight and power. Today and every day, we must work to ensure our nation finally lives up to its promise of equality for all,” he said on Twitter.

Prior to Biden signing this legislation, Juneteenth was recognized in 48 states and Washington either as a ceremonial or state holiday, per USA Today. And although the history of Texas’s emancipation is the most well-known, other watershed events in the history of emancipation happened on and around 19 June 1865.

Steve Williams, who heads the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation, said the first known Juneteenth commemorations started in 1866, spreading across the US as African Americans moved to new cities, USA Today reported.

While Black Americans are rejoicing at Juneteenth becoming a federal holiday, many say that far more is needed to combat systemic racism. Republican states have signed into law, or are weighing legislation, that advocates said would limit voting rights—especially for persons of color.

Meanwhile, legislation that would ramp up voting rights, and enact the policing reforms called for following the murder of George Floyd, and deaths of other Black Americans at the hands of police, have stagnated in Congress. The federal recognition of Juneteenth comes amid GOP officials across the US trying to ban schools from teaching“critical race theory”, as well as the history of slavery and the effects of systemic racism.

“It’s great, but it’s not enough,” Gwen Grant, president of the Urban League of Kansas City, said. “We need Congress to protect voting rights, and that needs to happen right now so we don’t regress any further.

Reuters and Associated Press contributed to this report

Источник: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/jun/19/us-juneteenth-mark-celebrations-federal-holiday
Thursday Veterans Day (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherThursday Thanksgiving Day Friday Christmas Holiday (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherSaturday Christmas Day Friday New Year Holiday (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherSaturday New Year's Day Monday Martin Luther King Jr Day Monday Presidents' Day (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherMonday Memorial Day Monday Juneteenth National Independence Holiday (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherMonday Independence Day Monday Labor Day
Источник: https://www.qppstudio.net/public-holidays/usa__united_states_.htm

Massachusetts Legal Holidays

Holiday

2021

2022

2023

New Year’s Day – January First

Jan. 1, Fri.

Jan. 1, Sat. (3)

Jan. 1, Sun. (3)

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day – Third Monday in January

Jan. 18, Mon.

Jan. 17, Mon.

Jan. 16, Mon.

Washington’s Birthday – Third Monday in February

Feb. 15, Mon.

Feb. 21, Mon.

Feb. 20, Mon.

Patriots’ Day – Third Monday in April

Apr. 19, Mon.

Apr. 18, Mon.

Apr. 17, Mon.

Memorial Day – Last Monday in May** (1A)

May 31, Mon.** (1A)

May 30, Mon.** (1A)

May 29, Mon.** (1A)

Juneteenth Independence Day – June 19thJune 19, Sat. (3)June 19, Sun. (3)June 19, Mon.

Independence Day – July 4th**

July 4, Sun. ** (3)

July 4, Mon. **

July 4, Tue. **

Labor Day – First Monday in September**

Sept. 6, Mon.**

Sept. 5, Mon.**

Sept. 4, Mon.**

Columbus Day – Second Monday in October*
(Restrictions until 12 noon) (2)

Oct. 11, Mon.* (2)

Oct. 10, Mon.* (2)

Oct. 9, Mon.* (2)

Veterans’ Day – November 11th*
(Restrictions until 1pm) (2)

Nov. 11, Thu.* (2)

Nov. 11, Fri.* (2)

Nov. 11, Sat.* (2)

Thanksgiving Day – Customarily the fourth Thursday in November* (1)

Nov. 25, Thurs.* (1)

Nov. 24, Thurs.* (1)

Nov. 23, Thurs.* (1)

Christmas Day – December 25th* (1)

Dec. 25, Sat.* (1)(3)

Dec. 25, Sun.* (1)(3)

Dec. 25, Mon.* (1)

* - Full restrictions apply for ALL commerce
** - Restrictions apply except to retail
(1) Liquor Stores must be closed for Thanksgiving and Christmas Days.
(1A) Liquor stores may not open prior to 12:00 noon Memorial Day.
(2) Many companies operate all day on these holidays, pending obtaining a local permit.
(3) All holidays falling on Sunday must be observed on Monday, under state law. Saturday holidays are observed on Saturday.

For a PDF version: Massachusetts Legal Holidays (PDF)

Above is a list of all legal holidays observed in Massachusetts. State, county, and municipal offices are closed on the days listed above. Federal offices are only closed on holidays which the federal government recognizes (i.e. New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Washington’s Birthday, Memorial Day, Juneteenth Independence Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans’ Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas). The term “federal holiday” is not applicable to individual states and the private sector since each state has jurisdiction over its holidays.

In Massachusetts certain holidays are subject to laws which restrict the type of work that may be performed as well as the kind of business and commercial activities that may remain open. Only those holidays followed by asterisks (*) have certain restrictions. On holidays not followed by asterisks, business and commercial activities may operate as usual.

Please note: Only retail establishments may open during the summer holidays of Memorial Day, Independence Day, and Labor Day. Some businesses may be required to pay premium pay on some holidays. Please contact the Attorney General’s Fair Labor Division at 617-727-3465. The Department of Labor Standards (617-626-6975) oversees the approval of local permits allowing businesses to open on Columbus, Veteran’s Days, Thanksgiving and Christmas when they otherwise could not open for some or all hours on those days.

For further information on holiday laws, contact Citizen Information Service.


Источник: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cishol/holidx.htm

All but four US states celebrate Juneteenth as a holiday

Pennsylvania will join 45 other states and the District of Columbia in either marking the day as a state holiday or observance. That leaves just four states that don't recognize the holiday: Hawaii, North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana.
Juneteenth -- a blending of the words June and nineteenth -- is the oldest known US celebration of the end of slavery. It commemorates June 19, 1865. That's the day that Union Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger rode into Galveston, Texas, and told slaves of their emancipation from slavery.
Source: National Juneteenth Observance Foundation
"In accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free," Granger read to the crowd that day. It came more than two years after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
African-Americans and others mark Juneteenth -- also called Emancipation Day -- much like the Fourth of July, with parties, picnics and gatherings with family and friends.
In 1980, Texas was the first state to make Juneteenth a state holiday, although it had been celebrated informally since 1865.

Is there a national holiday?

The US Senate passed a resolution last year recognizing "Juneteenth Independence Day" as a national holiday, but it has not yet been approved in the House. The National Juneteenth Observance Foundation, an organization based in Mississippi, has worked for years to get Juneteenth recognized or observed as a national holiday for years.
In addition to working for national and state holiday observances, the foundation works with states to help create curricula for schools that will teach students about the history of black people in America from slavery to freedom.
Источник: https://www.cnn.com/2019/06/19/us/juneteenth-state-holidays-trnd/index.html

Columbus Day is not a holiday the U.S. — and Italian Americans — should celebrate

As an Italian American tyke, I was proud to celebrate Columbus Day. It didn’t merit the attention that St. Patrick’s Day got in my Catholic school, with the Irish dancing, shamrocks and green cupcakes. But it still mattered. One of my ancestors discovered America. How cool was that?

It’s difficult to give up the myths that shaped the Italian story in the Americas. But these myths are holding us back.

Turns out the Irish had the better role model. No matter how you look at it, Columbus is not somebody we Italians should honor. And we should quit our efforts to salvage a holiday that brings us no glory while reinforcing the pain of the descendants of the people he exploited.

The historical record that has emerged over time is quite clear. Although Columbus was a skilled navigator, he mistakenly thought he could find a fast route to India and China by sailing West, and convinced the Spanish monarchs to bankroll his expedition.

Instead, he landed in the Bahamas and encountered the Taino people. When he met them, he wrote in his journal that these peaceful Indigenous people had the makings of “good servants” and put them to work mining gold — and facing amputation or death if they came up short. (Columbus was personally entitled to 10 percent of the booty; the rest went to Spain.) Later, he would ship thousands of Taino back to Spain to be sold into slavery, while the diseases the explorers brought decimated the tribe.

Related

Even by the norms of the day, Columbus was excessive. As governor of the West Indies, he imposed such brutal punishments on anyone who got in his way — including the Spanish colonists who tried to defy or belittle him — he was sacked by his royal backers and returned to Spain.

Clinging to the need to honor Columbus goes beyond venerating one person. It also means keeping faith with a Eurocentric view of the world that exalts white male explorers who “discovered” continents that were inhabited by “uncivilized” barbarians.

Indeed, extolling Columbus helped the U.S. create an image of itself as exceptional. As his myth grew, he became the model for American daring and persistence against all odds, someone whose explorations had been blessed by Divine Providence. His voyage to America opened the door to the founding of the United States, thus was blessed by God, too.

How intertwined Columbus is with this American vision is evident in the number of monuments to him; according to researchers at the Monument Lab, he ranks third behind Lincoln and Washington. (The controversy over what to do with all those statues likely will play out for years.)

Italians weren’t even the focus of America’s original glorification of the explorer. It was only when Italian Americans were being lynched and the Italian government got upset that the Italian immigrants’ quest to honor Columbus and associate their heritage with him dovetailed with efforts to defuse a diplomatic controversy.

Related

In 1891, 11 Sicilian immigrants were lynched in New Orleans after a mob blamed them for killing the city’s police chief, even though a jury hadn’t convicted them. Sicilians were targeted for lynching in part because they worked the same jobs as African Americans and often lived in their communities, leading Southerners to consider them more Black than white.

The New Orleans lynching was roundly praised. Rising political star Teddy Roosevelt called it “a rather good thing.” A New York Times headline was jubilant: “Chief Hennessy avenged. Eleven of his Italian assassins lynched by a mob.”

The Italian government was not so sanguine. It broke off diplomatic relations with the U.S. and demanded (and received) reparations. To further make up for the incident, President Benjamin Harrison in 1892 proclaimed a one-time holiday to observe the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ discovery of the New World. Harrison didn’t single out Italians, however, but rather extolled Columbus as “the pioneer of progress and enlightenment.”

Nevertheless, that proclamation ultimately set the stage for a federal Columbus Day holiday, created in 1934. The holiday “was central to the process through which Italian-Americans were fully ratified as white during the 20th century,” observed New York Times editorial writer Brent Staples.

So why should we keep referring to Columbus as an Italian hero? History already is moving us to a better place. Indigenous Peoples’ Day now replaces Columbus Day in 14 states, the District of Columbia and more than 130 communities.

I’m not the only Italian American on board with ditching the holiday. Last month, Italians for Indigenous Peoples’ Day testified before Massachusetts state legislators and urged them to replace the Columbus Day holiday.

Tellingly, the holiday’s defenders don’t even appear to acknowledge Columbus’ record of atrocities. Ignoring all the historical documents that show otherwise, Basil Russo, head of the Conference of Presidents of Major Italian American Organizations, continues to portray Columbus as a “good Christian” who treated Indigenous peoples “with respect and compassion.”

It’s difficult to give up the myths that shaped the Italian story in the Americas. But these myths are holding us back. They’re preventing us from creating a more honest Italian narrative, one that shines a light on the lives of our immigrant parents and grandparents and their heroism, and gives us better ways to celebrate our heritage.

Related

If I were to nominate a new role model for Italians, it would be Mother Frances Cabrini, an Italian immigrant who in 1946 became the first U.S. citizen to be named a saint. Cabrini, like many immigrants, faced many obstacles and a lack of resources when she arrived, but persevered to help immigrants across the country. It was her work in the American West that prompted Colorado to designate the first Monday in October as Cabrini Day, replacing the state observance of the Columbus Day holiday.

For decades, the leaders of the American Indian Movement of Colorado had tried, unsuccessfully, to secure a state Indigenous Peoples Day. But they were gracious about the Cabrini holiday. They praised the saint as “the opposite of Columbus.”

Why can’t we Italians see how much richer our history is than the story of one directionally challenged explorer who spent most of his life outside Italy? Columbus never found the route to China and India he was seeking. We shouldn’t make our own wrong turn by continuing to honor his memory.

Related:

Celia Viggo Wexler

Celia Viggo Wexler is the author of “Catholic Women Confront Their Church: Stories of Hurt and Hope.”

Источник: https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/columbus-day-not-holiday-u-s-italian-americans-should-celebrate-ncna1281074

Public holidays in the United States

Wikimedia list article

This article is about all types of holidays observed in the United States. For other uses, see Public holidays in the United States (disambiguation).

The schedule of public holidays in the United States is largely influenced by the schedule of federal holidays but is controlled by private sector employers who provide 62% of the total U.S. population with paid time off.[citation needed]

Public holidays with paid time off is generally defined to occur on a day that is within the employee's work week. When a holiday occurs on Saturday or Sunday, that holiday is shifted to either Friday or Monday for work purposes. Most employers follow a holiday schedule similar to the federal holidays of the United States, with exceptions or additions. The federal holiday schedule mainly benefits employees of government and government regulated businesses; however, this sector only comprises 15% of the working population.

At the discretion of the employer, other non-federal holidays such as New Year's Eve, Christmas Eve and the Day after Thanksgiving are common additions to the list of paid holidays while Columbus Day and Veterans Day are common omissions. Besides paid holidays, there are festival and food holidays that also have wide acceptance based on sales of goods and services that are typically associated with that holiday. Halloween and Valentine's Day are examples of widely celebrated uncompensated holidays.

History[edit]

Public holidays had their origins from established federal holidays that were enacted by Congress. They were typically observed on days that have significance for various sectors of American society and are observed at all levels of society, including government and the private sector. These holidays are typically derived from the history, religions, and cultures of the United States and have changed over time. Major holidays are most commonly observed with paid time off, however, many other holiday celebrations come without time off.

There are no national holidays on which the law requires all businesses to close. Federal holidays are only established for certain federally chartered and regulated businesses, government contractors, and the city of Washington, DC. All other public holidays are created by the States; most states also allow local jurisdictions (cities, villages, etc.) to establish their own local holidays. As a result, holidays have not historically been governed at the federal level and federal law does not govern business openings.

Some states, however, do restrict certain business activities on some holidays.[1] Business closures are mandated on a few holidays in some states for certain kinds of businesses by blue laws. For example, businesses that operate on more than 5,000 square feet (460 m2) cannot open on Thanksgiving in some New England states. The most notable businesses to close on such occasions are car dealerships and liquor stores. Some holidays are observed with community service, depending on the meaning of the holiday. Service is, however, not mandated by any government agencies, whether they be federal, state, or local.

Overview[edit]

As of June 2021[update], there are eleven annual federal holidays in the United States, and one additional quadrennial holiday (Inauguration Day).[2] Pursuant to the Uniform Monday Holiday Act of 1968 (effective 1971), official holidays are observed on a Monday, except for New Year's Day, Juneteenth, Independence Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas.[3]

While all current federal holidays have also been made public holidays in all 50 states, each state is not bound to observe the holidays on the same dates as the federal holidays. Many states also have additional holidays that are not observed by the federal government.[4] Many businesses likewise observe certain holidays as well, which are also not mandated by any government agency.

Saint Patrick's Day parade in Atlanta, 2012

Since 2000, some city and state-level celebrations of Malcolm X Day and Rosa Parks Day have been created, in addition to the federal Martin Luther King Jr. Day, to embrace the African American community in the form of festivals and parades. Illinois and Berkeley, California are two places where Malcolm X is honored by a legal holiday with offices closed, whereas Missouri honors Rosa Parks on her birthday.[5][6] Today, the United States is the 85th most ethnically diverse country in the world. Many workplaces celebrate religious observance as well as ethnic holidays, such as Saint Patrick's Day, Kwanzaa, Diwali, Mardi Gras, and Cinco de Mayo, as a matter of best practice.[7]

While the popularity of each public holiday cannot easily be measured, the holiday with the highest greeting card sales is Christmas.[8] Major retail establishments, such as shopping malls and centers, close only on Thanksgiving and Christmas, but remain open on all other holidays (with early closings on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve, and sometimes on other major holidays). In the face of a rapidly tightening retail market in the 2010s, retailers have increasingly been opening on Thanksgiving evening and night to extend Black Friday and the holiday shopping season.[9] Virtually all large companies observe and close on the major holidays (New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas). Some non-retail businesses close on the day after Thanksgiving, while others (such as federal banks and post offices) are not allowed to close that day. Some smaller businesses normally open on Sundays will close on Easter Sunday if they expect to have very few customers that day.[10]

Holidays most commonly celebrated[edit]

This is a list of the most commonly celebrated holidays in the United States, not a list of federal holidays.

RankDateHoliday% of Americans celebratingUSD sales (in billions)[11]Main SymbolsDescription
1December 25 (Fixed)Christmas92–96%
[12][13][14][15]
$630.5Many Christmas carols and popular songs, Christmas trees, gift-giving, decorations, Santa Claus, Christmas dinner, shopping, church servicesChristmas is the celebration of Jesus' birth. Celebrations are marked by decorations and exchanging of gifts between family members and friends. Most popular holiday based on greeting card sales. Also known for having the second highest church attendance (behind Easter). Widely celebrated as a secular holiday.
2November 22–28 (Floating Thursday)Thanksgiving87–90%
[16][17]
(part of Christmas sales)Giving thanks, prayer, feasting, spending time with family, football games, parades, turkey, travelingThanksgiving is a celebration of thanks for the previous year, with families and friends gathering for a large meal or dinner. Consequently, the Thanksgiving holiday weekend is one of the busiest travel periods of the year.[18] One-sixth of the turkeys consumed annually in the U.S. are eaten around Thanksgiving.[19][20]
3May 8–14 (Floating Sunday)Mother's Day84%
[21][22]
$19.9Breakfasts in bed, family meals, gift-giving, flowers Mother's Day recognizes mothers, motherhood, and maternal bonds in general, as well as the positive contributions that they make to society. Known for having the highest restaurant sales, even compared with Valentine's Day, as well as the highest church attendance after Easter and Christmas.[23][24]
4March 22 – April 25 (Floating Sunday)Easter80–81%
[25][26]
$16.4Church services, family meals, Easter egg decorating, egg hunts, the Easter Bunny, Easter parades, Easter baskets, chocolates Easter commemorates the resurrection of Jesus from the dead. The highest church attendance happens on Easter.[24] Like Christmas, it has become a widely celebrated secular holiday, and customs observed by both Christians and some non-Christians include egg hunting, the Easter Bunny, and Easter parades.
5July 4 (Fixed)Independence Day (Fourth of July)78–79%
[27]
$68.0
(Part of Back to School sales)
Fireworks, family reunions, concerts, barbecues, picnics, parades, baseball games, carnivals and fairsIndependence Day, also commonly known as the Fourth of July, marks the date that the Declaration of Independence was adopted in 1776. The holiday is best known for fireworks and barbecues. 45% of American celebrate the 4th of July with fireworks, accounting for about $675 million in fireworks sales.[28]
6October 31 (Fixed)Halloween76% ±4.1
[29]
$6.9Trick-or-treating, costume parties, carving jack-o-lanterns, lighting bonfires, visiting haunted attractions, horror moviesHalloween celebrations are marked by costumed children knocking door to door asking for treats, and costumed adults attending parties. The most popular holiday for candy sales, amounting to $3 billion in 2021, and $10.14 billion in total on Halloween related items including candy, decorations, costumes, and greeting cards.[30]
7June 15–21 (Floating Sunday)Father's Day75%
[31]
$12.7Family meals, gift-giving Father's Day is a celebration honoring fathers and celebrating fatherhood, paternal bonds, and the influence of fathers in society. It accounts for the highest sales of ties and neckwear annually, around $12.7 billion.[32]
8February 14 (Fixed)Valentine's Day55%
[33]
$18.9Sending greeting cards, gift-giving, dating and romantic dinners, church services, candy, flowers Valentine's Day is recognized as a significant cultural, religious, and commercial celebration of romance and romantic love. It accounts for 224 million roses grown annually. 24% of American adults purchased flowers for Valentine's Day in 2015.[34] The holiday comes in second in terms of annual restaurant sales, behind Mother's Day.[23]
9March 17 (Fixed)Saint Patrick's Day51%
[35]
$4.4Parades, parties, shamrocks, leprechauns, display of the color green, Irish beer and Irish whiskey, corned beef, copious consumption of alcohol Saint Patrick's Day commemorates Saint Patrick and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland, and celebrates the heritage and culture of the Irish in general. Celebrations generally involve public parades and festivals, parties, the wearing of green attire or shamrocks, and alcohol consumption.
10January 1 (Fixed)New Year's Day (New Year's Eve)37–45%
[36][37]
(Part of Christmas sales)Making New Year's resolutions, church services, parades, football and hockey games, fireworks Observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar. Known for being the holiday with the highest alcohol consumption, evidenced by the spike in sales around between Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve.[38][39]

Holidays observed with paid time off[edit]

Main article: Holidays with paid time off in the United States

The 1979 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade

The labor force in the United States comprises about 62% (as of 2014) of the general population.[40] In the United States, 97% of the private sector businesses determine what days this sector of the population gets paid time off, according to a study by the Society for Human Resource Management. The following holidays are observed by the majority of U.S. businesses with paid time off:

Holidays with religious significance[edit]

Main articles: Religion in the United States and Separation of church and state in the United States

Box of Valentine chocolates, typically sold around Valentine's Day

Religious and cultural holidays in the United States are characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. However, the First Amendment to the United States Constitution provides that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof...." and Article VI specifies that "no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States." As a result, various religious faiths have flourished, as well as perished, in the United States. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a "very important" role in their lives, a proportion unique among developed nations.[42]

The majority of Americans (73–80%) identify themselves as Christians and about 15–20% have no religious affiliation.[43] According to the American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS) (2008) 76% of the American adult population identified themselves as Christians, with 51% professing attendance at a variety of churches that could be considered Protestant or unaffiliated, and 25% professing Catholic beliefs.[44] The same survey says that other religions (including, for example, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism) collectively make up about 4% of the adult population, another 15% of the adult population claim no religious affiliation, and 5.2% said they did not know, or they refused to reply. According to a 2012 survey by the Pew forum, 36 percent of Americans state that they attend services nearly every week or more.[45]

Christian holidays[edit]

Main article: Liturgical year

With 65% of adults in the U.S. identifying as Christian, many holidays from the liturgical calendar are observed by this segment of the population.[46] Many businesses, as well as federal, state, and local governments, are closed on Christmas, arguably the most significant holiday of the Christian religion.[47] A reference in A Christmas Story shows a Chinese restaurant being the only establishment open on Christmas.

Some private businesses and certain other institutions are closed on Good Friday.[48] The financial market and stock market is closed on Good Friday.[49] Most retail stores remain open although some might close early. Public schools and most universities are closed on Good Friday, either as a holiday of its own, or part of spring break. The postal service operates, and banks regulated by the federal government do not close for Good Friday.[2]

Many companies, including banks, malls, shopping centers, and most private retail stores that normally open on Sundays are closed on Easter.[10]

DateNameRemarks
January 6EpiphanyEpiphany (from Greek epiphaneia, "manifestation"), falls on the 12th day after Christmas. It commemorates the manifestation of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, as represented by the Magi, the baptism of Jesus, and the miracle of the wine at the marriage feast at Cana. One of the three major Christian festivals, along with Christmas and Easter. Epiphany originally marked the beginning of the carnival season preceding Lent, and the evening preceding it is known as Twelfth Night.
January 7Orthodox ChristmasJanuary 7th is the Gregorian Calendar equivalent of December 25 on the Julian Calendar still observed by the Russian and other Eastern Orthodox Churches.
February 3 – March 9 (floating Tuesday using Computus)Mardi Gras and Ash WednesdayA festive season (Carnival) leading up to Shrove Tuesday or Mardi Gras. Closes with Ash Wednesday (40 days before Easter, not counting Sundays), which starts the penitential season of Lent in the Western Christian calendar. Legal holiday in Louisiana and Mobile and Baldwin counties in Alabama.
February 14Valentine's DaySt. Valentine's Day, or simply Valentine's Day is named after one or more early Christian martyrs named Saint Valentine and was established by Pope Gelasius I in 496 AD. Modern traditional celebration of love and romance, including the exchange of cards, candy, flowers, and other gifts.
March 15 – April 18 (floating Sunday using Computus) Palm SundayCelebration to commemorate the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem.
March 17St. Patrick's DayA holiday honoring Saint Patrick that celebrates Irish culture. The primary activity is simply the wearing of green clothing ("wearing o' the green"), although drinking beer dyed green is also popular. Big parades in some cities, such as in Chicago, where there is also a tradition of dyeing the Chicago River green.
March 20 – April 23 (floating Friday using Computus)Good FridayFriday of Holy Week, when Western Christians commemorate the crucifixion and death of Jesus. Good Friday is a holiday in some individual counties and municipalities, as well as a state holiday in Connecticut,[50]Delaware,[51]Florida,[52]Hawaii,[53]Indiana,[54]Kentucky,[55]Louisiana,[56]New Jersey,[57]North Carolina,[58]North Dakota,[59]Tennessee[60] and Texas.[61] State and local government offices and courts are closed, as well as state-chartered banks and in these jurisdictions. Federal banks and post offices that are located in buildings that close for Good Friday and Easter will also be closed. Good Friday is also a holiday in Guam,[62]U.S. Virgin Islands[63] and Puerto Rico.[64] Many public and private schools, colleges, universities and private-sector businesses; and the New York Stock Exchange and financial markets are closed on Good Friday.
March 22 – April 25 (floating Sunday using Computus)EasterCelebration of the resurrection of Jesus in most Western Christian churches. A minority of Protestant churches do not observe Easter. Eastern Orthodox (including Western Rite), Oriental Orthodox and some Neo-Celtic churches observe Easter according to a different calendar, usually on a later Sunday (thus they also observe Palm Sunday and Good Friday on different days than Western Christians).

Many Americans decorate hard-boiled eggs and give baskets of candy, fruit, toys, and so on, especially to children; but gifts of age-appropriate Easter baskets for the elderly, the infirm, and the needy are increasingly popular. An annual Easter Egg Roll has been held at the White House South Lawn for young children on Easter Monday since President Hayes started the tradition in 1878.[65] Not a federal holiday due to the fact that it always falls on a Sunday, which is a non-working day for federal and state employees. Many companies that are normally open on Sunday close for Easter.

October 31HalloweenOriginally the end of the Celtic year, it now celebrates Eve of All Saint's Day. Decorations include jack o'lanterns. Costume parties and candy such as candy corn are also part of the holiday. Kids go "trick-or-treating" to neighbors who give away candy. It is not generally observed by businesses and is one of the most popular holidays in the US.
December 8Immaculate Conception of the Virgin MaryImmaculate Conception is a dogma of the Catholic Church maintaining that the Virgin Mary was kept free of original sin from her moment of conception. Companies in some states will give day off to their employees.
December 24Christmas EveDay before Christmas. Virtually every business closes early, though some remain open.
December 25ChristmasIs a federal holiday.

Hindu holidays[edit]

Main article: List of Hindu festivals

Rangoli decorations, made using colored powder, are popular during Diwali.

The Hindu holidays of Diwali and Holi are celebrated in some parts of the United States, mostly by Indian Americans or peoples of Indian descent. [66][67] Holi, the "festival of colors" has inspired a Broadway musical based on this festival.[68] New York City Council has voted on a resolution that may make Diwali and Holi a legal holiday in Resolution 1863–2013.[69] As of August 2013, the resolution has passed and the holidays are now officially legal holidays in New York City.[70] CNN reported that the Diwali holiday is shown in American pop culture through an episode of The Office.[71][72]

DateNameRemarks
February or March (depends on Hindu calendar)HoliHoli () (Sanskrit: होली) is a spring festival also known as Festival of Colors, and sometimes Festival of Love.[73][74] It is an ancient Hindu religious festival which has become popular with non-Hindus in many parts of South Asia, as well as people of other communities.[75]
October or November (depends on Hindu calendar)DiwaliDiwali ( or ) also called the Festival of lights", is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in autumn every year.[76][77] The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, and hope over despair.[61][78][79] The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartik. In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali night falls between mid-October and mid-November.

Jewish holidays[edit]

Main article: Hebrew calendar

The three most commonly celebrated Jewish holidays are Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and Hanukkah.[80]Passover and Yom Kippur in addition to Rosh Hashannah and Hanukkah are recognized as an optional state level holiday in Texas[81][82] All Jewish holidays start the night before, as that is when the Jewish day begins.

DateNameRemarks
March 21 – April 24 (floating date)Passover פסחA seven- or eight-day festival in Judaism (seven days in Israel, eight outside of Israel), commemorating the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt. For Karaite Jews, Passover is the holiest day of the year and is the festival that marks the beginning of the year. Some Christian groups celebrate Passover instead of Easter. In many regions with large Jewish communities, schools close for all or part of Passover.
May 9 – June 12 (floating date)Shavuot שבועותA two-day (one in Israel) festival celebrating the receiving of the Torah at Sinai and the harvest season of the Land of Israel. Many people have the custom to eat dairy foods, specifically cheesecake.
September 5 – October 5 (floating date)Rosh Hashanah ראש השנהObserved by Jewish people. Traditional beginning of the Jewish High Holidays. It also celebrates the beginning of a new year on the Hebrew calendar. In regions with large Jewish populations, schools and universities may close on Rosh Hashanah. It is a widely accepted custom to dip an apple in honey on the first night. Unlike other holidays where the Diaspora (outside of Israel) celebrate extra days, this holiday is observed for two days everywhere.
September 14 – October 14 (floating date)Yom Kippur יום כיפורObserved by Jewish people.

This day marks the end of the Ten Days of Penitence that began with Rosh Hashanah. It is described in Leviticus as a "Sabbath of rest," and synagogue services begin the preceding sundown, resume the following morning, and continue to sundown. Orthodox and many Conservative Jews fast on Yom Kippur. In regions with large Jewish populations, schools and universities may close on Yom Kippur.

September 19 – October 19 (floating date)Sukkot סוכותA nine-day (eight in Israel) holiday celebrating the huts Jews lived in for forty years after the Exodus before getting to Israel. It also celebrates the cloud of glory that protected the Jews in the desert during the same period. Jews eat, and some sleep, in a special hut called a sukkah outside their home for the first seven days. Also, the 'four species' or 'Arba Minim', ארבע מינים, the Lulav לולב (palm frond), the Etrog אתרוג (citron), the Aravot ערבות (willow branches), and the Hadasim הדסים (myrtle branches), are shaken in the sukkah in the morning, as well as during prayers. The Seventh Day, known as Hoshanah Rabbah הושנה רבה is the last day of the season of repentance started on Rosh Hashanah and has extra prayers in addition to the extra holiday prayers. The Eighth day is known as Shemini Atzeret שמיני עצרת and is to some degree considered a different holiday. The ninth day (or part of the eighth in Israel) is known as Simchat Torah שמחת תורה and celebrates he finishing of one cycle of reading the Torah or bible, and includes much joyous singing and dancing with the Torah scrolls during prayers.
November 28 – December 27 (floating date)Hanukkah חנוכהAn eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt of the 2nd century BC. Candelabras are lit, one candle on the first night and adding one candle per night. It is also a widely accepted custom to spin a top-like toy called a dreidel, and to give coins to the children.
February 23 – March 26 (floating date)Purim פוריםA one-day holiday, celebrated the Jews being saved from a plot by Haman, the second-in-command to the Persian king, Achasverosh, or Xerxes, to exterminate every single Jew. It is generally celebrated by reading the Book of Esther in Synagogue the preceding night (which, like all Jewish holidays, is actually part of the holiday) and in the morning, giving charity, giving presents of food baskets to at least two friends, and having a celebratory feast. Unlike most other Jewish holidays (other than Hanukkah), work is allowed including using electricity, and other prohibited actions on Sabbath, and other holidays. The day before (or the Thursday before, if Purim is on a Sunday) is a fast day commemorating the fast of Esther before she met with King Achashverosh. In Jerusalem, Purim is celebrated the day after the rest of the world.

Islamic holidays[edit]

Main article: Islamic holidays

Mehndiis the application of henna as a temporary form of skin decoration, commonly applied during Eid al-Fitr in Indian subcontinentculture.

The major Islamic holidays of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha have been recognized in the United States. Awareness of these holidays can be found in calendars published by major calendar manufacturers.[83][84][85] According to Al-Jazeera, schools in New York and Michigan (mainly Dearborn) may begin to close in observance of all Muslim holidays.[86]

DateNameRemarks
depends on Islamic calendarRamadanRamadan (Arabic: رمضان‎ Ramaḍān, IPA: [rɑmɑˈdˤɑːn];[variations]Persian: رَمَضان‎ Ramazān; Urdu / Punjabi رَمْضان Ramzān; Turkish: Ramazan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar;[87]Muslims worldwide observe this as a month of fasting.[88] This annual observance is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam.[89] The month lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon, according to numerous biographical accounts compiled in the hadiths.[90][91] The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, which means scorching heat or dryness.[92] Fasting is fard ("obligatory") for adult Muslims, except those who are ill, traveling, pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic or going through menstrual bleeding.[93] Fasting the month of Ramadan was made obligatory (wājib) during the month of Sha'aban, in the second year after the Muslims migrated from Mecca to Medina.
depends on Islamic calendarEid al-FitrEid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر‎ ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, IPA: [ʕiːd al fitˤr], "festival of breaking of the fast"), also called Feast of Breaking the Fast, the Sugar Feast, Bayram (Bajram), the Sweet Festival[94] and the Lesser Eid, is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). The religious Eid is a single day and Muslims are not permitted to fast on that day. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. This is a day when Muslims around the world show a common goal of unity. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. However, in most countries, it is generally celebrated on the same day as Saudi Arabia(lunar calendar).
depends on Islamic calendarEid al-AdhaEid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎ ʿīd al-aḍḥā[ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæ] meaning "Festival of the sacrifice"), also called the Feast of the Sacrifice, the Major Festival,[95] the Greater Eid, Kurban Bayram (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı; Bosnian: kurban-bajram), Eid e Qurban (Persian: عید قربان‎) or Bakr'Eid (Urdu: بکرا عید‎), is the second of two religious holidays celebrated by Muslims worldwide each year. It honors the willingness of Abraham (Ibrahim) to sacrifice his young first-born son Ishmael (Ismail)a as an act of submission to God's command, before God then intervened to provide Abraham with a lamb to sacrifice instead.[96] In the lunar-based Islamic calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days.[97] In the international Gregorian calendar, the dates vary from year to year, drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year.

Holidays with other cultural or historical significance[edit]

Confederate States of America[edit]

The following holidays memorialize the historic Confederate States of America from the American Civil War:

  • Confederate Memorial Day is a public holiday observed by Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, South Carolina, Louisiana[citation needed] and Texas and an unofficially observed holiday in some other states. It is often in late April to align with the final surrender of the last Confederate Army. Texas observes Confederate Heroes Day.
  • Confederate History Month has been declared at least once in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia as well as by various cities, usually in April to augment Confederate Memorial Day.
  • Robert E. Lee Day (on or around Lee's Jan 19 birthday) is still observed in Alabama and Mississippi combined with Martin Luther King Jr. Day, the only remaining states to do so.[98] It is officially recognised in Florida, but is not widely observed there.[99]
  • Arkansas combined the observance of Robert E. Lee Day with Martin Luther King Jr. Day in 1985.[100] In 2017, it passed a law removing Lee's name from the January holiday and instead establishing a state memorial day on the second Saturday of October in honor of Lee.[101]

Drinking holidays[edit]

See also: Drinking culture

According to the National Institutes of Health, about 86% of the population over 18 drinks alcohol recreationally or socially.[102] In the United States, the holidays that are considered the most "festive" are generally regarded as some of the "most drunken holidays." Celebrations usually revolve around barbecues and beer. Although many of these holidays lack any official status, they are generally observed by the drinking culture for the fact that these holidays revolve around drinking. One measurement of the popularity of these holidays is the amount of alcohol purchased for the occasion. One survey names New Year's Eve as the holiday on which the most alcohol is consumed based on sales.[103] While many holidays are listed, some are generally notable for their drinking requirement while others are known for abstinence.[104]

African American holidays[edit]

Main article: African-American culture

African Americans make up about 12% of the U.S. population. While some customs have come from abroad, many of the customs were developed inside the United States. Kwanzaa, for example, is a custom that has greatly influenced American culture originating from the turbulent 1960s. [105] Most of the newer holidays revolve around a particular civil rights activist and have recently gained attention from city and state-level governments. At the federal level, there are only three national holidays named for a person, and one of those honors 20th century African American Martin Luther King Jr.; the other two are Washington's Birthday (for George Washington, one of the original American citizens of 1776) and Columbus Day (for Italian Christopher Columbus's European discovery of the Americas in 1492).

DateName[106]Remarks
December 26 – January 1KwanzaaKwanzaa is a week-long celebration held in the United States and in other nations of the Western African diaspora in the Americas. The celebration honors African heritage in African-American culture, and is observed from December 26 to January 1, culminating in a feast and gift-giving.[107] Kwanzaa has seven core principles (Nguzo Saba). It was created by Maulana Karenga and was first celebrated in 1966–67.
January 15–21 (floating Monday)Martin Luther King Jr. DayMartin Luther King Jr. Day is the only federal holiday marking the birthday of an African American. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year, which is around King's birthday, January 15.
February 1–29Black History MonthAlso known as the "African American History Month" which was set aside as an observance of important leaders of the African diaspora.
February 4 or December 1Rosa Parks DayCurrently observed in the states of California, Missouri, and Ohio to honor the late civil rights leader Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks Day was created by the California State Legislature and first celebrated February 4, 2000.[108] The holiday was first designated in Ohio championed by Joyce Beatty, advocate who helped Ohio's legislation pass to honor the late leader.[109] In 2015, Missouri has declared Rosa Parks Day a legal holiday.
March 10Harriet Tubman DayCommemorates anti-slavery activist Harriet Tubman for her accomplishments. Occurs two days after International Women's Day.
April 16 (DC)Emancipation DayCurrently observed in Washington, DC, Mississippi, Texas (as Juneteenth), Kentucky, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, in observance of the emancipation of slaves of African descent. It is also observed in other areas in regard to the abolition of serfdom or other forms of servitude.
May 19Malcolm X DayCurrently observed in Berkeley, California, and Illinois, this holiday honors Malcolm X as a civil rights leader as a legal holiday with offices closed. Various municipalities such as Atlanta, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC have festivals commemorating the civil rights leader.
June 19JuneteenthJuneteenth is a holiday that commemorates the announcement of the abolition of slavery in Texas in June 1865, and more generally the emancipation of African-American slaves throughout the Confederate South. Celebrated on June 19, the term is a portmanteau of June and nineteenth[110][111] and is a federal holiday.

Other traditional and informal holidays[edit]

In addition to the federal/national holidays, many religious, ethnic, and other traditional holidays populate the calendar, as well as lighter celebrations. These are rarely observed by businesses as holidays (Except for Easter and most often also on Good Friday);[10] indeed, many are viewed as opportunities for commercial promotion. Because of this commercialization, some critics apply the deprecatory term Hallmark holiday to such days, after the Hallmarkgreeting card company.

DateNameRemarks
February 2Groundhog DayThe day on which folklore states that whether or not a local groundhog casts a shadow determines if the spring season will arrive early or on time.
April 1April Fools' DayA day that people commonly play tricks or jokes on family, friends, and co-workers, especially in English-speaking nations. Sometimes called "the Feast of All Fools" as a play on the feast days of saints; there is no evidence the holiday has any Christian religious origins.
April 22 (varies by location and observance)Earth DayA celebration of environmentalism.
April 24–30 (floating Friday)Arbor DayA day for planting trees.
May 1May DayIn most other countries, May 1 is International Workers' Day, the equivalent of Labor Day, which commemorates the labor movement and the ultimate triumph of socialism over capitalism. This theme borrows from the pagan origins of May Day which emphasized the change in season and the triumph of the warm sun over the cold winter. The holiday is often celebrated with parades and protests for workers' rights and other broad social issues.
May 5Cinco de MayoPrimarily a celebration of Mexican culture by Mexican-Americans living in the United States. Although this is the anniversary of the victory of the Mexican Army over the French at the Battle of Puebla in 1862, Cinco de Mayo is far more important in the United States than in Mexico itself, often celebrated even by non-Mexican-Americans. Additionally, this "holiday" is often mistaken by Americans as being Mexican Independence Day, which is actually observed on September 16.
May 8–14 (floating Sunday)Mother's DayHonors mothers and motherhood (made a federal holiday by Presidential order, although most federal agencies are already closed on Sundays)
June 14Flag DayCommemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States, in 1777.
June 27Helen Keller DayCommemorates the achievements of Helen Keller and the blind.
June 15–21 (floating Sunday)Father's DayHonors fathers and fatherhood.
July 24Pioneer DayObserved in Utah and some other areas to commemorate the arrival of pioneers of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847.
August 26Women's Equality DayCelebrates the fight for, and progress towards, equality for women. Established by the United States Congress in 1971 to commemorate two anniversaries: Passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution ensuring Woman Suffrage in 1920 and a nationwide demonstration for equal rights, the Women's Strike for Equality, in 1970.
September 11Patriot DayCommemorates the response to the attacks on the World Trade Center (New York City), The Pentagon (Washington, DC), and United Airlines Flight 93 in 2001.
September 17Constitution/Citizenship DayCommemorates the adoption of the Constitution of the United States.
OctoberOktoberfest16-day folk festival drinking beer. Modeled after the original Oktoberfest from Munich, Germany. Celebrated most often in areas with contemporary or historic populations of German heritage.
November 2–8 (floating Tuesday)Election Day or Democracy DayObserved by the federal and state governments in applicable years; a legal holiday in some states.
November 23–29 (floating Friday)Black FridayTraditionally the beginning of the Christmas shopping season in the United States, where stores lower prices. "Black Friday" is not a holiday under that name, but California and some other states observe "The Day After Thanksgiving" as a holiday for state government employees. Virtually all schools, colleges, and universities are also closed, along with many non-retail private sector businesses. Federal government offices, post offices, and federally chartered banks must open on Black Friday (unless the President issues an executive order or proclamation allowing them to close).
November 26 – December 1 (floating Monday)Cyber MondayThe online shopping equivalent of Black Friday, held the Monday after Black Friday.
December 7Pearl Harbor Remembrance DayDay to remember the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese on December 7, 1941.
December 31New Year's EveFinal Day of the Gregorian year. Usually accompanied by much celebration, such as party and fireworks. Virtually every company and retail outlet closes early, except for stores that sell alcoholic beverages and party supplies.

Other notable holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_holidays_in_the_United_States
The following holidays will be observed by State agencies in 2021
 
New Year's Day01/01/2021Friday
Martin Luther King Jr. Day01/18/2021Monday
Presidents Day02/15/2021Monday
Good Friday04/02/2021Friday
Memorial Day05/31/2021Monday
Juneteenth06/18/2021Friday
Independence Day (Observed)07/05/2021Monday
Labor Day09/06/2021Monday
Columbus Day10/11/2021Monday
Election Day11/02/2021Tuesday
Veteran's Day11/11/2021Thursday
Thanksgiving Day11/25/2021Thursday
Christmas Day12/24/2021Friday
New Year's Day12/31/2021Friday

 

State Holidays 2020
 
New Year's Day01/01/2020Wednesday
Martin Luther King Jr. Day01/20/2020Monday
Presidents Day02/17/2020Monday
Good Friday04/10/2020Friday
Memorial Day05/25/2020Monday
Independence Day (Observed)07/03/2020Friday
Labor Day09/07/2020Monday
Columbus Day10/12/2020Monday
Election Day11/03/2020Tuesday
Veteran's Day11/11/2020Wednesday
Thanksgiving Day11/26/2020Thursday
Christmas Day12/25/2020Friday

 

Источник: https://www.state.nj.us/nj/about/facts/holidays/

EDGAR Calendar

Peak Filing Dates In 2020November 5, 6, 9, 13, 16, 27, 30December 3, 4, 7, 9, 29, 30Peak Filing Dates In 2021January4, 5, 7, 8, 28, 29February4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 16, 26March1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 26, 29, 30, 31April1, 2, 6, 7, 28, 29, 30May6,7,10,14,17,19, 20, 21, 28June1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 28, 29, 30July1, 2, what holiday is it today in us, 8, 29, 30August5, 6, 9, 13, 16, 27, 30, 31September1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 27, 28, 29October1, 4, 6, 7, 29November1, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 15, 26, 29, 30December1, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 28, 29, 30
Источник: https://www.sec.gov/edgar/filer-information/calendar
Thursday Veterans Day what holiday is it today in us (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherThursday Thanksgiving Day what holiday is it today in us Friday Christmas Holiday (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherSaturday Christmas Day what holiday is it today in us Friday what holiday is it today in us New Year Holiday (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherSaturday New Year's Day Monday Martin Luther King Jr Day Monday Presidents' Day (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherMonday Memorial Day Monday Juneteenth National Independence Holiday (widespread in gov. and fin. sectors)otherMonday Independence Day Monday Labor Day
Источник: https://www.qppstudio.net/public-holidays/usa__united_states_.htm

When Is Columbus Day 2021 and Is It a Federal Holiday?

Columbus Day is a holiday marked on the second Monday of October every year. The day celebrates explorer Christopher Columbus' landing in the New World on October 12, 1492.

Early that morning, a sailor on board the Pinta spotted land. The following day, 90 crew members of Columbus' fleet of three ships arrived at the Caribbean island which he named San Salvador. San Salvador Island, also known as Watling Island, is part of the Bahamas.

Columbus' landing marked the end of a voyage that began around 10 weeks earlier in Palos, Spain and the launch of a new era of European exploration.

While Columbus sparked what holiday is it today in us lasting encounter between Europeans and the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere," he was not the first to successfully cross the Atlantic, a U.S. Embassy website explains.

Viking sailors are believed to have established "a short-lived settlement" in Newfoundland, Canada sometime in the 11th century and scholars have also said there are other possible pre-Columbian landings, the website says.

Columbus Day is usually marked by festive parades in New York City, Denver and other cities across the country. These parades have been held for over 500 years since the three ships first arrived on the Caribbean island.

When Is Columbus Day in 2021?

Columbus Day is observed on October 11 in 2021, which is the second Monday of the month.

Is Columbus Day a Federal Holiday?

Yes, Columbus Day is a federal holiday. This means many government offices, as well banks and some private businesses, are closed on the day. If a federal holiday falls on a weekend, the government may observe it on a different day.

Schools typically stay open on Columbus Day but observances can differ by state, such as in Massachusetts, where schools are closed on the day, while in California, Columbus Day is not recognized as a school holiday.

When Was Columbus Day First Celebrated?

The first recorded celebration of Columbus Day in the U.S. was on October 12, 1792, which was organized by the Society of St. Tammany (also known as the Columbian Order). The day marked the 300th anniversary of Columbus' landing.

Its 400th anniversary celebration launched the first official Columbus Day holiday in the country, following a proclamation from former President Benjamin Harrison in 1892.

The proclamation recommended "the observance in all their localities of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America." and described Columbus as "the pioneer of progress and enlightenment," the U.S. Library of Congress explains.

The World's Columbian Exposition or Chicago's Pay tmobile bill online with debit card Fair, which opened in the summer of 1893, was also aimed at celebrating Columbus' discovery of the New World 400 years earlier.

In the years that followed, an international Roman Catholic fraternal benefit society known as the Knights of Columbus pushed to have October 12 be declared a federal holiday. Columbus Day has been observed as a federal holiday since 1971.

Источник: https://www.newsweek.com/columbus-day-2021-date-federal-holiday-history-1635668

Columbus Day is not a holiday the U.S. — and Italian Americans — should celebrate

As an Italian American tyke, I was proud to celebrate Columbus Day. It didn’t merit the attention that St. Patrick’s Day got in my Catholic school, with the Irish dancing, shamrocks and green cupcakes. But it still mattered. One of my ancestors discovered America. How cool was that?

It’s difficult to give up the myths that shaped the Italian story in the Americas. But these myths are holding us back.

Turns out the Irish had the better role model. No matter how you what holiday is it today in us at it, Columbus is not somebody we Italians should honor. And we should quit our efforts to salvage a holiday that brings us no glory while reinforcing the pain of the descendants of the people he exploited.

The historical record that has emerged over time is quite clear. Although Columbus was a skilled navigator, he mistakenly thought he could find a my100 centennial bank route to India and China by sailing West, and convinced the Spanish monarchs to bankroll his expedition.

Instead, he landed in the Bahamas and encountered the Taino people. When he met them, he wrote in his journal that these peaceful Indigenous people had the makings of “good servants” and put them to work mining gold — and facing amputation or death if they came up short. (Columbus was personally entitled to 10 percent of the give me the closest walmart the rest went to Spain.) Later, he would ship thousands of Taino back to Spain to be sold into slavery, while the diseases the explorers brought decimated the tribe.

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Even by the norms of the day, Columbus was excessive. As governor of the West Indies, he imposed such brutal punishments on anyone who got in his way — including the Spanish colonists who tried to defy or belittle him — he was sacked by his royal backers and returned to Spain.

Clinging to the need to honor Columbus goes beyond venerating one person. It also means keeping faith with a Eurocentric view of the world that exalts white male explorers who “discovered” continents that were inhabited by “uncivilized” barbarians.

Indeed, extolling Columbus helped the U.S. create an image of itself as exceptional. As his myth grew, he became the model for American daring and persistence against all odds, someone whose explorations had been blessed by Divine Providence. His voyage to America opened the door to the founding of the United States, thus was blessed by God, too.

How intertwined Columbus is with this American vision is evident in the number of monuments to him; according to researchers at the Monument Lab, he ranks third behind Lincoln and Washington. (The controversy over what to do with all those statues likely will play out for years.)

Italians weren’t even the focus of America’s original glorification of the explorer. It was only when Italian Americans were being lynched and the Italian government got upset that the Italian immigrants’ quest to honor Columbus and associate their heritage with him dovetailed with efforts to defuse a diplomatic what holiday is it today in us 1891, 11 Sicilian immigrants were lynched in New Orleans after a mob blamed them for killing the city’s police chief, even though june 1st weather 2019 jury hadn’t convicted them. Sicilians were targeted for lynching in part because they worked the same jobs as African Americans and often lived in their communities, leading Southerners to consider them more Black than white.

The New Orleans lynching was roundly praised. Rising political star Teddy Roosevelt called it “a rather good thing.” A New York Times headline was jubilant: “Chief Hennessy avenged. Eleven of his Italian assassins lynched by a mob.”

The Italian government was not so sanguine. It broke off diplomatic relations with the U.S. and demanded (and received) reparations. To further make up for the incident, President Benjamin Harrison in 1892 proclaimed a one-time holiday to observe the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ discovery of the New World. Harrison didn’t single out Italians, however, but rather extolled Columbus as “the pioneer of progress and enlightenment.”

Nevertheless, that proclamation ultimately set the stage for a federal Columbus Day holiday, created in 1934. The holiday “was central to the process through which Italian-Americans were fully ratified as white during the 20th century,” observed New York Times editorial writer Brent Staples.

So why should we keep referring to Columbus as an Italian hero? History already is moving us to a better place. Indigenous Peoples’ Day now replaces Columbus Day in 14 states, the District of Columbia and more than 130 communities.

I’m not the only Italian American on board with ditching the holiday. Last month, Italians for What holiday is it today in us Peoples’ Day testified before Massachusetts state legislators and urged them to replace the Columbus Day holiday.

Tellingly, the holiday’s defenders don’t even appear to acknowledge Columbus’ record of atrocities. Ignoring all the historical documents that show otherwise, Basil Russo, head of the Conference of Presidents of Major Italian American Organizations, continues to portray Columbus as a “good Christian” who treated Indigenous peoples “with respect and compassion.”

It’s difficult to give up the myths that shaped the Italian story in the Americas. But these myths are holding us back. They’re preventing us from creating a more honest Italian narrative, one that shines a light on the lives of our immigrant parents and grandparents and their heroism, and gives us better ways to celebrate our heritage.

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If I were to nominate a new role model for Italians, it would be Mother Frances Cabrini, an Italian immigrant who in 1946 became the first U.S. citizen to be named a saint. Cabrini, like many immigrants, faced many obstacles and a lack of resources when she arrived, but persevered to help immigrants across the country. It was her work in the American West that prompted Colorado to designate the first Monday in October as Cabrini Day, replacing the state observance of what holiday is it today in us Columbus Day holiday.

For decades, the leaders of the American Indian Movement of Colorado had tried, unsuccessfully, to secure a state Indigenous Peoples Day. But they were gracious about the Cabrini holiday. They praised the saint as “the opposite of Columbus.”

Why can’t we Italians see how much richer our history is than the story of one directionally challenged explorer who spent most of his life outside Italy? Columbus never found the route to China and India he was seeking. We shouldn’t make our own wrong turn by continuing to honor his memory.

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Celia Viggo Wexler

Celia Viggo Wexler is the author of “Catholic Women Confront Their Church: Stories of Hurt and Hope.”

Источник: https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/columbus-day-not-holiday-u-s-italian-americans-should-celebrate-ncna1281074

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